Measuring Cross-Cultural Supernatural Beliefs with Self- and Peer-Reports. Research data from the Croatian sample.

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Druckansicht des Datensatzes


Bluemke, Matthias
Jong, Jonathan
Grevenstein, Dennis
Mikloušić, Igor
Halberstadt, Jamin


Informationen zum Datensatz

Titel Measuring Cross-Cultural Supernatural Beliefs with Self- and Peer-Reports. Research data from the Croatian sample.
Titel, englisch Measuring Cross-Cultural Supernatural Beliefs with Self- and Peer-Reports. Research data from the Croatian sample.
Zitation Bluemke, M., Jong, J., Grevenstein, D., Mikloušić, I., & Halberstadt, J. (2016). Measuring Cross-Cultural Supernatural Beliefs with Self- and Peer-Reports. Research data from the Croatian sample. (Version 1) [Files auf CD-ROM]. Trier: Psychologisches Datenarchiv PsychData des Leibniz-Zentrums für Psychologische Information und Dokumentation ZPID.
Sprache der Variablendokumentation Englisch
Verantwortlichkeit für die Datenerhebung Bluemke, Matthias; Jong, Jonathan; Mikloušić, Igor & Halberstadt, Jamin
Ende der Erhebung 2013
Veröffentlichung des Datensatzes 2016
Datensatz ID bems99me29
Studienbeschreibung -
Studienbeschreibung, englisch Despite claims about the universality of religious belief, whether religiosity scales have the same meaning when administered inter-subjectively – or translated and applied cross-culturally – is currently unknown. Using the recent “Supernatural Belief Scale” (SBS), we present a primer on how to verify the strong assumptions of measurement invariance required in research on religion. A comparison of two independent samples, Croatians and New Zealanders, showed that, despite a sophisticated psychometric model, measurement invariance could be demonstrated for the SBS except for two noninvariant intercepts. We present a new approach for inspecting measurement invariance across self- and peer-reports as two dependent samples. Although supernatural beliefs may be hard to observe in others, the measurement model was fully invariant for Croatians and their nominated peers. The results not only establish, for the first time, a valid measure of religious supernatural belief across two groups of different language and culture, but also demonstrate a general invariance test for distinguishable dyad members nested within the same targets. More effort needs to be made to design and validate cross-culturally applicable measures of religiosity.
Hypothesen -
Keyphrase supernatural belief scale; measurement invariance; Croatians vs New Zealanders; self vs peer reports; sample of 642 croatians; research data
Förderung Partly supported by the Marsden Fund (13-UOO-224), administered by the Royal Society of New Zealand, granted to J. Halberstadt; German Research Foundation (DFG) and Ruprecht-Karls-Univerität Heidelberg within the funding programme Open Access Publishing
Güte -


PSYNDEX Klassifikation & Schlagwörter

Klassifikation, deutsch Persönlichkeitstests
Klassifikation, englisch Personality Scales & Inventories
Schlagwörter, deutsch Religiöse Überzeugungen
Interkulturelle Unterschiede
Schlagwörter, englisch Religious Beliefs
Peer Evaluation
Cross Cultural Differences


Beschreibung der Methode

Forschungsform Befragungsdaten
Klassifikation der Erhebung Fully Standardized Survey Instrument (provides question formulation and answer options)
Erhebungsinstrument Supernatural Belief Scale (SBS). The SBS is a 10-item scale intended to measure cross-culturally recurring supernatural entities such as belief in high-order agents (God), low-order agents (angels), spiritual world (souls), afterlife conceptions (heaven), inexplicable events (miracles) and spiritual intermediaries (prophets); the present investigation focused on a Croatian translation of the original English SBS created in New Zealand (Jong, Bluemke, & Halberstadt, 2013).
Datenerhebungsmethode Data collection in the presence of an experimenter
-Individual Administration
-Paper and Pencil
Data collection in the absence of an experimenter
-Other: Paper & Pencil (sealed enveloped)

Zeitdimension einmalige Erhebung
Erhebungszeitraum -
Besonderheiten -
Population Croatian college students and relatives, friends, peers
Untersuchungseinheit Individuals
Stichprobe Convenience sample
Probandenrekrutierung -
Stichprobengröße 642 individuals
Rücklauf/ Ausfall -
Geschlechtsverteilung 69% female subjects (n=443)
29.6% male subjects (n=190)
1.4% missing values (undetermined) (n=9)
Altersverteilung 18-50 years
Sondergruppen -
Land Croatia
Region -
Stadt -
Variablen Subject ID
Demographic variables
Supernatural belief scale self-rating
Supernatural belief scale peer-rating



Datenstatus Auszug aus Datensatz
Ursprungsaufzeichnungen Questionnaire filled out by either the subject or the peer containing closed and/or open answers
Verarbeitung Data from the subjects were coded and then immediately transferred into a machine-readable form.


Beschreibung der bereitgestellten Daten

Beschreibung Research data file
Dateiname bems99me29_fd.txt
Inhalt 642 individuals, 30 variables
Datenpunkte 642*30= 19260 data points
Variablen Participant number (1), sex (1), age (1), religion (1) importance of religion (1), items of the supernatural belief scale - self report (10), frequency attending the holy mass (1), frequency attending holy communion (1), frequency prayers (1), religion - peer report (1), items of the supernatural belief scale - peer report (10), relation to peer (1)
MD5 Hash 2f7455c2bfa5a73af85d8ad4a982a50e


Beschreibung der sonstigen Materialien

Beschreibung Dateiname
Codebook of the research data file bems99me29_fd.txt bems99me29_kb.txt


Unmittelbar auf den Datensatz bezogene Veröffentlichungen

Unmittelbar auf den Datensatz bezogene Veröffentlichungen
Bluemke, M., Jong, J., Grevenstein, D., Mikloušić, I., & Halberstadt, J. (2016). Measuring cross-cultural supernatural beliefs with self- and peer-reports. 11(10): e0164291. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0164291Datensatz 0319737


Eingesetzte Testverfahren

Eingesetzte Testverfahren
Jong, J., Bluemke, M., & Halberstadt, J. (2013). Fear of death and supernatural beliefs: Developing a new Supernatural Belief Scale to test the relationship. European Journal of Personality, 27, 495-506. doi: 10.1002/per.1898Datensatz 0270063


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