|Title||Citizens from East- and West-Germany as reflected in three questionnaires. Primary data.|
|Original Title||Ostdeutsche und Westdeutsche im Spiegel dreier Fragebogentests. Primärdaten.|
|Citation||Becker, P., Hänsgen, K.-D., & Lindinger, E. (2004). Citizens from East- and West-Germany as reflected in three questionnaires. Primary data. [Translated Title] (Version 1) [Data and Documentation]. Trier: Center for Research Data in Psychology: PsychData of the Leibniz Institute for Psychology Information ZPID. https://doi.org/10.5160/psychdata.brpr91os99|
|Language of variable documentation||German|
|Responsible for Data Collection||Becker, Peter|
|Data Collection Completion Date||1991|
|Study Description||The present study is devoted to two issues:
(1) Did the socialist system of the former German Democratic Republic affect the East German population to the extent that systematic differences in personality are evident in comparison to West Germans?
(2) Did the dramatic changes in living conditions following reunification lead to health problems in East German citizens?
Data were collected using the following questionnaires: The Berliner Verfahren zur Neurosendiagnostik (BVND, a test for neuroses diagnostics), the Trier Personality Questionnaire (TPI), and the Trierer Inventar zur Verhaltenskontrolle (TIV, an inventory assessing control of behavior). 598 subjects were examined, including 300 from eastern Germany and 298 from western Germany, with an equal distribution between the sexes. The internal consistencies of the utilized scales displayed high reliability for use in group comparisons. In a principal components analysis, four main sources of variance were identified: (1) general mental and physical complaints, (2) behavioral control, (3) activity level, and (4) sociability and a three-factor analysis of variance was calculated using the factors of "country" (East, West), "gender", and "age" (three levels).
Regarding factor 1: Contrary to expectations, an overall significantly higher psychosomatic stress level in East Germans could not be established, even though this was the case in individual scales (higher anxiety potential, greater feelings of uncertainty, fatigue, and nervousness among East Germans).
Regarding factor 2: Here, the clearest and most consistent differences were found: East Germans' behavior is more controlled than that of West Germans.
|Keyphrase||the study compares the scores of 298 adults from West Germany and 300 adults from East Germany in the scales of three multidimensional personality inventories: Trier Personality Inventory, Trier Behavior Control Inventory (Version 2), Berlin Inventory for the Assessment of Neurotic Tendencies, primary data|
|Rating||The internal consistency of all scales was calculated and, with the exception of a few, proved to be satisfactory or good.|
|Classification||Personality Scales & Inventories
Clinical Psychological Testing
Personality Traits & Processes
Psychological & Physical Disorders
|Controlled Terms||Personality Traits
Cross Cultural Psychology
Human Sex Differences
|Research Method Description||Questionnaire Data|
|Classification of Data Collection||Fully Standardized Survey Instrument (provides question formulation and answer options)|
|Research Instrument||The Trier Personality Inventory (TPI) was developed primarily for the diagnosis of mental health and its subcomponents. Mental health is a broadly varying, well-replicable "super construct" of personality. In short, it is the ability to cope with external and internal demands. 120 statements about specific behaviors, thoughts, feelings, and attitudes are presented. The subjects rate these statements using a 4-point scale, indicating the statement's prevalence. The "Berlin Procedure for the Diagnosis of Neuroses" (Berliner Verfahren zur Neurosendiagnostik, BVND) is used to record complaints and self-concept characteristics pertaining to the experience of psychosocial disorders. Subjects are presented with 300 statements about certain behaviors, characteristics, and symptoms that allow them to identify their condition using a 5-point response scale. The "Trier Inventory for Behavioral Control" (Trierer Inventar zur Verhaltenskontrolle, TIV) is used primarily to measure the overall personality structure of control as well as its various components. 120 statements about certain behaviors, feelings, and thoughts of each subject can be assessed with regard to their frequency of occurrence using a 4-point response scale. Survey data collection takes place in the absence of the experimenter and the completed questionnaire is subsequently collected by the experimenter.|
|Data Collection Method||Data collection in the absence of an experimenter
|Time Points||single measurement|
|Survey Time Period||1991|
|Population||East and West German adults|
|Sample||50 students majoring in psychology at the University of Trier and the Humboldt University of Berlin were hired as project staff and were carefully instructed, both orally and in writing, of their duties. Each project team member was to recruit 6 people who had specific characteristics: 3 men and 3 women put into groups of 2 (1 man, 1 woman) aged 18-35 years, 36-50 years, and 51-65 years. A maximum of 1 person with a German high school diploma and a maximum of 1 personal relative were allowed. The population of each German state was taken into consideration using a quota key.|
|Subject Recruitment||The subjects were recruited by previously selected project staff. Both staff and project subjects were given monetary compensation for their participation. Each staff member's specific approach was monitored through random checks.|
|Sample Size||598 Individuals|
|Gender Distribution||49,8 % female subjects (n=298)
50,2 % male subjects (n=300)
|Age Distribution||18-69 years|
|Variables||Subject ID, Participants' demographic variables based on their respective East or West German origins (gender, age, school education, marital status, number of subjects in household, occupation, income, place of residence, political party preference, opinion of German reunification).
The Trier Personality Inventory (TPI) with the scales behavioral control, mental health, meaningfulness vs depressiveness, allocentricity vs self-centering, nervousness vs no nervousness, expansiveness, autonomy, self-esteem, and the ability to love.
"Berlin Procedure for the Diagnosis of Neuroses" (Berliner Verfahren zur Neurosendiagnostik, BVND) with scales that evaluated specific physical functioning problems, indigestion, cardiovascular disorders, overall physical sensitivity complaints, motor functioning symptoms, nonspecific well-being complaints, psychovegetative exhaustion, agitation and tension, sleep disturbances, self-esteem issues, lack-of-achievement feelings, specific psychological problems, compulsive disorders, undirected/generalized anxiety, phobic disorders, discomfort during social communication, cognitive and social activity, need for control/spontaneity, social orientation vs selfishness, self-confidence, frustration tolerance and affectivity, willingness to risk health, ability to adapt and empathize, openness, and exaggeration. "Trier Inventory for Behavioral Control" (Trierer Inventar zur Verhaltenskontrolle, TIV) with the scales behavior control, striving for order and principled living, adherence to norms, reliability, future and reason orientation, thrift, exuberance, desire for experience, and delight in improvising.
|Data Status||Complete Data Set|
|Original Records||Questionnaire filled out by either the subject or the experimenter containing closed and/or open answers|
|Transformation||The data matrix was created by transferring the information from the questionnaire into numerical values using simple encoding guidelines. The data were subjected to a consistency check. This data matrix (brpr91os99_pd.txt) along with the associated codebook (brpr91os99_kb.txt) is provided. The data matrix was subject to broad aggregations. 3 tests were used: a reencoding was required for 63 items of the TPI, and these items were combined into 9 scales. A reencoding was required for 26 items of BVND, and these items were combined into 26 scales. A reencoding was required for 16 items of the TIV, and these data were combined into 9 scales. The transformation instructions (brpr91os99_aa.txt) as well as the accompanying data matrix are provided (brpr91os99_ad.txt).|
|Description||Primary study data|
|Data Content||598 subjects, 564 variables|
|Data Points||598*564=337272 data points|
|Variables||Subject ID (1), demographic variables (16), items of TPI (120), items of BVND (300), items of the TIV (120), demographic variables (7)|
|Description||Primary study data and derived data|
|Data Content||598 subjects, 735 variables|
|Data Points||598*735 = 439530 data points|
|Variables||Subject ID (1), demographic variables (15), items of TPI (120), items of BVND (300), items of the TIV (120), demographic variables (19), scales of BVND (26), scales of the TPI (9), scales of the TIV (10), inverted TPI Items (63), inverted BVND items (36), inverted TIV items (16)|
|German codebook of primary study data brpr91os99_pd.txt||br91pros99_kb.txt|
|Instructions for the formation of a primary dataset from the derived data brpr91os99_pd.txt||brpr91os99_aa.txt|
|Publications Directly Related to the Dataset|
|Becker, P. (1992). Ostdeutsche und Westdeutsche auf dem Prüfstand psychologischer Tests. Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte. Beilage der Wochenzeitung Das Parlament. B24, 5. Juni 1992, 27-36.|