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Research data from the manuscript "Respect and political disagreement: Can intergroup respect reduce the biased evaluation of outgroup arguments?"

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Researchers

Name
Eschert, Silke
Simon, Bernd

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Dataset Information

Title Research data from the manuscript "Respect and political disagreement: Can intergroup respect reduce the biased evaluation of outgroup arguments?"
Original Title Research data from the manuscript "Respect and political disagreement: Can intergroup respect reduce the biased evaluation of outgroup arguments?"
Citation Eschert, S., & Simon, B. (2019). Research data from the manuscript "Respect and political disagreement: Can intergroup respect reduce the biased evaluation of outgroup arguments?" (Version 1) [Data and Documentation]. Trier: Center for Research Data in Psychology: PsychData of the Leibniz Institute for Psychology Information ZPID. https://doi.org/10.5160/psychdata.etse16re12
Language of variable documentation German
Responsible for Data Collection Eschert, Silke; Simon, Bernd
Data Collection Completion Date 2016
Dataset Publication 2019
Dataset ID etse16re12
Study Description Past research indicates that in political debates the same arguments are judged very
differently depending on the perceiver's own position on the issue, because positions
on controversial issues are often tied to collective identities. In this series of studies we tested the assumption that equality-based respect from an opposing opinion-based group can reduce such biases. Results confirmed that identification as an opponent or proponent of a contested issue was negatively related to evaluations of outgroup arguments (Study 1) and that this negative link was no longer significant when intergroup respect was experimentally induced (Study 2). Results support the notion that disagreements over political issues are intergroup conflicts, in which different socio-political groups struggle for recognition, and that approaches that protect collective identities and improve intergroup relations should be employed to de-escalate them.
Hypotheses A negative link between ingroup identification and the evaluation of outgroup arguments was expected (Hypothesis 1). Further, we proposed that this negative bias should be weakened or even removed when respect was received from the outgroup (Hypothesis 2).
Keyphrase negative relation between ingroup identification & evaluation of outgroup arguments, effects of equality-based respect on political disagreements, three studies, total of 332 subjects, research data
Funding German Research Foundation (DFG), Grant SI 428/20-1; Volkswagen Foundation, Grant 87 389
Rating -

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PSYNDEX Classification and Controlled Terms

Classification Group & Interpersonal Processes
Social Perception & Cognition
Controlled Terms Ingroup Outgroup
Intergroup Dynamics
Social Comparison
Social Interaction
Social Identity
Political Attitudes
Respect
Attitude Change

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Research Method Description

Research Method Description Experiment Data
Classification of Data Collection Pretest:Questionnaire Data - Fully Standardized Survey Instrument; Study 1: Questionnaire Data - Fully Standardized Survey Instrument; Study 2: Experiment Data - Experimental Factor, Quasi-experimental Factor, Group Comparison, Laboratory Experiment
Research Instrument A detailed description of the pretest, study 1 and study 2 can be found in Eschert, S. & Simon, B. (in press).
Data Collection Method Pretest & Study 1:
Data collection in the absence of an experimenter
- Online Survey

Study 2:
Data collection in the presence of an experimenter
- Individual Administration
- Computer-Supported

Time Points single measurement
Survey Time Period Pretest: 2015-12-08 until 2015-12-10
Study 1: 2015-12-17 until 2015-12-23
Study 2: 2016-01-15 until 2016-02-01
Characteristics -
Population Students from a German university
Experimental Pool Individuals
Sample Convenience sample
Subject Recruitment Pretest & Study 1:
Student participants were recruited through social network groups of their university.
Study 2:
Student participants were recruited on campus and invited to the lab by student assistants
Sample Size Pretest: 92 individuals; Study 1: 103 individuals; Study 2: 137 individuals
Return/Drop Out -
Gender Distribution -
Age Distribution Pretest: 18-31 years; Study 1: 18-45 years; Study 2: 19-32 years
Special Groups -
Country Germany
Region -
City Kiel
Variables Pretest:
sex
age
participants' position on and personal importance of 10 controversial political issues

Study 1:
age
sex
participant position
questionnaire order
identification as either opponent or proponent
evaluation of 18 pro arguments
evaluation of 18 con arguments

Study 2:
Predictors / controls:
age
sex
participant position
identification as either opponent or proponent
usage of social networks
Independent variable:
Respect condition
Dependent variables:
manipulation checks (perceived respect for individual and group)
argument evaluation (evaluation of 12 arguments)

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Data Status

Data Status Complete Data Set
Original Records Individual processed recordings via computerized surveying (person-related data files)
Transformation Data from the subjects were coded and then immediately transferred into a machine-readable form.

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Description of the Provided Data

Description Research data file of pretest
File Name etse16re12_fd1.txt
Data Content 92 subjects, 23 variables
Data Points 92*23= 2116 data points
Variables participant number (1 item), sex (1), age (1), participants' position on 10 controversial political issues (10), personal importance of 10 controversial political issues (10)
MD5 Hash 720518c83a5524e8d11872c4bda8cbe4
  
Description Research data file for study 1
File Name etse16re12_fd2.txt
Data Content 103 subjects, 47 variables
Data Points 103*47= 4841 data points
Variables interview number (1 item), age (1), sex (1), participant position (1), questionnaire order (1), identification as opponent (3), identification as proponent (3), evaluation of 18 pro arguments (18), evaluation of 18 con arguments (18)
MD5 Hash cd1e5fd963e568bcaefe25c57c003866
  
Description Research data file for study 2
File Name etse16re12_fd3.txt
Data Content 146 subjects, 53 variables
Data Points 146*53=7738 data points
Variables participant number (1), age (1), sex (1), respect condition (1), participant position (1), identification as opponent (3), identification as proponent (3), manipulation checks (perceived respect for individual and group)(4), argument evaluation (evaluation of 12 pro- and 12 contra-arguments) (24), usage of social networks (8)
MD5 Hash 2a3f884ad6bc70c8a28255902ed5514d
  

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Description of Additional Materials

Description File Name
Codebook of research data file etse16re12_fd1.txt, pretest etse16re12_kb1.txt
Codebook of research data file etse16re12_fd2.txt, study 1 etse16re12_kb2.txt
Codebook of research data file etse16re12_fd3.txt, study 2 etse16re12_kb3.txt
Syntax file with scoring calculations for study 1 etse16re12_sy1.txt
Syntax file with scoring calculations for study 2 etse16re12_sy2.txt

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Publications Directly Related to the Dataset

Publications Directly Related to the Dataset
Eschert, S. & Simon, B. (2019). Respect and political disagreement: Can intergroup respect reduce the biased evaluation of outgroup arguments? PLoS ONE 14(3): e0211556. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0211556

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