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Research data from the manuscript "Respect and political disagreement: Can intergroup respect reduce the biased evaluation of outgroup arguments?"

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Name
Eschert, Silke
Simon, Bernd

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Titel Research data from the manuscript "Respect and political disagreement: Can intergroup respect reduce the biased evaluation of outgroup arguments?"
Titel, englisch Research data from the manuscript "Respect and political disagreement: Can intergroup respect reduce the biased evaluation of outgroup arguments?"
Zitation Eschert, S., & Simon, B. (2019). Research data from the manuscript "Respect and political disagreement: Can intergroup respect reduce the biased evaluation of outgroup arguments?" (Version 1) [Daten und Dokumentation]. Trier: Psychologisches Datenarchiv PsychData des Leibniz-Zentrums für Psychologische Information und Dokumentation ZPID. https://doi.org/10.5160/psychdata.etse16re12
Sprache der Variablendokumentation Deutsch
Verantwortlichkeit für die Datenerhebung Eschert, Silke; Simon, Bernd
Ende der Erhebung 2016
Veröffentlichung des Datensatzes 2019
Datensatz ID etse16re12
Studienbeschreibung Past research indicates that in political debates the same arguments are judged very
differently depending on the perceiver's own position on the issue, because positions
on controversial issues are often tied to collective identities. In this series of studies we tested the assumption that equality-based respect from an opposing opinion-based group can reduce such biases. Results confirmed that identification as an opponent or proponent of a contested issue was negatively related to evaluations of outgroup arguments (Study 1) and that this negative link was no longer significant when intergroup respect was experimentally induced (Study 2). Results support the notion that disagreements over political issues are intergroup conflicts, in which different socio-political groups struggle for recognition, and that approaches that protect collective identities and improve intergroup relations should be employed to de-escalate them.
Studienbeschreibung, englisch Past research indicates that in political debates the same arguments are judged very
differently depending on the perceiver's own position on the issue, because positions
on controversial issues are often tied to collective identities. In this series of studies we tested the assumption that equality-based respect from an opposing opinion-based group can reduce such biases. Results confirmed that identification as an opponent or proponent of a contested issue was negatively related to evaluations of outgroup arguments (Study 1) and that this negative link was no longer significant when intergroup respect was experimentally induced (Study 2). Results support the notion that disagreements over political issues are intergroup conflicts, in which different socio-political groups struggle for recognition, and that approaches that protect collective identities and improve intergroup relations should be employed to de-escalate them.
Hypothesen A negative link between ingroup identification and the evaluation of outgroup arguments was expected (Hypothesis 1). Further, we proposed that this negative bias should be weakened or even removed when respect was received from the outgroup (Hypothesis 2).
Keyphrase negative relation between ingroup identification & evaluation of outgroup arguments, effects of equality-based respect on political disagreements, three studies, total of 332 subjects, research data
Förderung German Research Foundation (DFG), Grant SI 428/20-1; Volkswagen Foundation, Grant 87 389
Güte -

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PSYNDEX Klassifikation & Schlagwörter

Klassifikation, deutsch Gruppendynamik und interpersonelle Prozesse
Soziale Wahrnehmung und soziale Kognition
Klassifikation, englisch Group & Interpersonal Processes
Social Perception & Cognition
Schlagwörter, deutsch Gruppenzugehörigkeit
Intergruppendynamik
Sozialer Vergleich
Soziale Interaktion
Soziale Identität
Politische Einstellungen
Respekt
Einstellungsänderung
Schlagwörter, englisch Ingroup Outgroup
Intergroup Dynamics
Social Comparison
Social Interaction
Social Identity
Political Attitudes
Respect
Attitude Change

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Beschreibung der Methode

Forschungsform Experimentaldaten
Klassifikation der Erhebung Pretest:Questionnaire Data - Fully Standardized Survey Instrument; Study 1: Questionnaire Data - Fully Standardized Survey Instrument; Study 2: Experiment Data - Experimental Factor, Quasi-experimental Factor, Group Comparison, Laboratory Experiment
Erhebungsinstrument A detailed description of the pretest, study 1 and study 2 can be found in Eschert, S. & Simon, B. (in press).
Datenerhebungsmethode Pretest & Study 1:
Data collection in the absence of an experimenter
- Online Survey

Study 2:
Data collection in the presence of an experimenter
- Individual Administration
- Computer-Supported

Zeitdimension einmalige Erhebung
Erhebungszeitraum Pretest: 2015-12-08 until 2015-12-10
Study 1: 2015-12-17 until 2015-12-23
Study 2: 2016-01-15 until 2016-02-01
Besonderheiten -
Population Students from a German university
Untersuchungseinheit Individuals
Stichprobe Convenience sample
Probandenrekrutierung Pretest & Study 1:
Student participants were recruited through social network groups of their university.
Study 2:
Student participants were recruited on campus and invited to the lab by student assistants
Stichprobengröße Pretest: 92 individuals; Study 1: 103 individuals; Study 2: 137 individuals
Rücklauf/ Ausfall -
Geschlechtsverteilung Pretest:
61 % female subjects (N=56)
38 % male subjects (N=35)
1 % no answer (N=1)

Study 1:
62 % female subjects (N=64)
37 % male subjects (N=38)
1 % no answer (N=1)

Study 2:
51 % female subjects (N=75)
48 % male subjects (N=70)
1 % no answer (N=1)
Altersverteilung Pretest: 18-31 years; Study 1: 18-45 years; Study 2: 19-32 years
Sondergruppen -
Land Germany
Region -
Stadt Kiel
Variablen Pretest:
sex
age
participants' position on and personal importance of 10 controversial political issues

Study 1:
age
sex
participant position
questionnaire order
identification as either opponent or proponent
evaluation of 18 pro arguments
evaluation of 18 con arguments

Study 2:
Predictors / controls:
age
sex
participant position
identification as either opponent or proponent
usage of social networks
Independent variable:
Respect condition
Dependent variables:
manipulation checks (perceived respect for individual and group)
argument evaluation (evaluation of 12 arguments)

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Datenstatus

Datenstatus Vollst�ndiger Datensatz
Ursprungsaufzeichnungen Individual processed recordings via computerized surveying (person-related data files)
Verarbeitung Data from the subjects were coded and then immediately transferred into a machine-readable form.

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Beschreibung der bereitgestellten Daten

Beschreibung Research data file of pretest
Dateiname etse16re12_fd1.txt
Inhalt 92 subjects, 23 variables
Datenpunkte 92*23= 2116 data points
Variablen participant number (1 item), sex (1), age (1), participants' position on 10 controversial political issues (10), personal importance of 10 controversial political issues (10)
MD5 Hash 720518c83a5524e8d11872c4bda8cbe4
  
Beschreibung Research data file for study 1
Dateiname etse16re12_fd2.txt
Inhalt 103 subjects, 47 variables
Datenpunkte 103*47= 4841 data points
Variablen interview number (1 item), age (1), sex (1), participant position (1), questionnaire order (1), identification as opponent (3), identification as proponent (3), evaluation of 18 pro arguments (18), evaluation of 18 con arguments (18)
MD5 Hash cd1e5fd963e568bcaefe25c57c003866
  
Beschreibung Research data file for study 2
Dateiname etse16re12_fd3.txt
Inhalt 146 subjects, 53 variables
Datenpunkte 146*53=7738 data points
Variablen participant number (1), age (1), sex (1), respect condition (1), participant position (1), identification as opponent (3), identification as proponent (3), manipulation checks (perceived respect for individual and group)(4), argument evaluation (evaluation of 12 pro- and 12 contra-arguments) (24), usage of social networks (8)
MD5 Hash 2a3f884ad6bc70c8a28255902ed5514d
  

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Beschreibung der sonstigen Materialien

Beschreibung Dateiname
Syntax file with scoring calculations for study 1 etse16re12_sy1.txt
Codebook of research data file etse16re12_fd1.txt, pretest etse16re12_kb1.txt
Codebook of research data file etse16re12_fd2.txt, study 1 etse16re12_kb2.txt
Codebook of research data file etse16re12_fd3.txt, study 2 etse16re12_kb3.txt
Syntax file with scoring calculations for study 2 etse16re12_sy2.txt

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Unmittelbar auf den Datensatz bezogene Veröffentlichungen

Unmittelbar auf den Datensatz bezogene Veröffentlichungen
Eschert, S. & Simon, B. (2019). Respect and political disagreement: Can intergroup respect reduce the biased evaluation of outgroup arguments? PLoS ONE 14(3): e0211556. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0211556

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