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Chance experiences and interest structure. Primary data on choice behavior of first-year students.

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Researchers

Name
von Maurice, Jutta
Scheller, Reinhold

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Dataset Information

Title Chance experiences and interest structure. Primary data on choice behavior of first-year students.
Original Title Zufallserfahrungen und Interessenstruktur. Primrdaten einer Untersuchung zum Wahlverhalten von Studienanfngern.
Citation von Maurice, J., & Scheller, R. (2004). Chance experiences and interest structure. Primary data on choice behavior of first-year students. [Translated Title] (Version 1) [Files on CD-ROM]. Trier: Center for Research Data in Psychology: PsychData of the Leibniz Institute for Psychology Information ZPID. https://doi.org/10.5160/psychdata.meja92zu09
Language of variable documentation German
Responsible for Data Collection von Maurice, Jutta; Scheller, Reinhold
Data Collection Completion Date 1992
Dataset Publication 2004
Dataset ID meja92zu09
Study Description In light of the use of the term chance in psychological and sociological literature, a model has been developed that embeds chance with rational considerations. Nine types of chance experiences at a target level (alternatives, knowledge, emotions) and a source level (person, event, information) are distinguished.
In the context of a college degree choice, the relevance of random past experiences and how these relate to features of a student's structure of interests is considered. A survey of 217 first-year college students showed that 61.3% of respondents reported at least one random experience. Chance experiences particularly increased the number of study alternatives. Chance experiences, on average, were rated as important in terms of the college degree choice students made. A weak, negative correlation was found between the number of remembered experiences and the differentiations within the interest profile. Based on these results it can be concluded that random past experiences should be considered in the context of professional aim and development. The primary data of the survey and some derived variables are provided.
Hypotheses -
Keyphrase role of chance events in selection of college major & structure of vocational interests, 217 college freshmen, questionnaire, primary data
Funding -
Rating The "General Interest Structure Test" (Allgemeine Interessen-Struktur-Test, AIST) by Bergmann and Eder (1992) can be deemed objective, reliable, and valid according to the instructions of the manual and independent analyzes. The inventory measuring aspects choice (developed within the scope of this study and drew on Salomone and Slaney (1981) and Scott and Hatalla (1990)) as well as the random inventory that was generated for the purpose of a premier operationalization of a newly-developed random model should be seen as research tools, the quality criteria of which could not be validated.

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PSYNDEX Classification and Controlled Terms

Classification Occupational Interests & Guidance
Controlled Terms Chance (Fortune)
Interests
Interest Inventories
Academic Specialization
Occupational Interests
Occupational Interest Measures
Occupational Choice
Data Collection

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Research Method Description

Research Method Description Questionnaire Data
Classification of Data Collection Fully Standardized Survey Instrument (provides question formulation and answer options)
Research Instrument Measuring the involvement of chance in a college student's choice of major using a random inventory: Statements that represent 9 different forms of random experiences were presented. The 9 experiences spanned both the target (Alternative, emotion knowledge) and source (person, event, information) objectives. The subjects first indicated whether they had personally experienced the respective random experiences (no former experience was indicated with a 0). Random experiences were then sorted according to their importance (assigning the values 1 to a maximum of 9). The subjectively most important item was then classified in terms of its general importance on a 6-point Likert scale, ranging from "very unimportant" to "very important".
Used an inventory to measure the importance of different aspects of choice when choosing a major: 28 aspects deemed influential on the choice of major were presented. Each of the experiences was weighed on a 6-point Likert scale ranging from "very unimportant" to "very important."
Acquisition of vocational interests according to the Holland's interest model (1985) and the AIST by Bergmann and Eder (1992). 60 activities were presented from different areas of interest. Interest in an activity was assessed using a 5-point scale ranging from "interests me greatly; I really enjoy doing that" to "does not interest me at all; I do not enjoy doing that at all."
Measurement of socio-demographic variables, gender, age, college major, previous vocational training, and previous college studies.
Measurement of certainty that the right choice of college major was made using a 6-point Likert scale ranging from "very unsure" to "very sure."
Data Collection Method Data collection in the presence of an experimenter
- Group Administration
- Paper and Pencil
Time Points single measurement
Survey Time Period October 1992
Characteristics Distributed the questionnaire during general orientation for new students.
Population German freshman college students
Experimental Pool Individuals
Sample Convenience sample
Subject Recruitment The questionnaires were distributed at freshmen orientation held at the Student Counseling Centre of the University of Trier in the Auditorium Maximum and were processed after the event. The event manager pointed the survey out to attending freshman and asked for their cooperation. The event was held across two days and divided according to the various departments of study.
Sample Size 217 individuals
Return/Drop Out A total of 300 questionnaires were issued to volunteers. Of these, 253 (84.3%) were returned. Of these, 36 had to be excluded from further analysis because important information was missing. Thus, the return rate of usable questionnaires was 72.3%.
Gender Distribution 56,2 % female subjects (n=122)
43,8 % male subjects (n=95)
Age Distribution 18-34 years
Special Groups -
Country Germany
Region Rhineland-Palatinate
City Trier
Variables Random inventory
Aspects of choice inventory
General interest-structure test
Socio-demographic variables
Surety of subject's choice of major

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Data Status

Data Status Complete Data Set
Original Records Questionnaire filled out by either the subject or the experimenter containing closed and/or open answers
Transformation A data matrix was created by transferring the information from the questionnaire into numerical values by applying simple coding rules. Data were subjected to a consistency check. This data matrix (meja99zu99_pd.txt) is provided along with the associated code book (meja99zu99_kb.txt).
Calculations were drawn from the data matrix: 60 items of the AIST were reduced to 6 scales. The transformation instructions (meja92zu009_aa.txt) are provided as well as the derived data of matrix (meja92zu09_ad.txt).

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Description of the Provided Data

Description Primary data of the study
File Name meja92zu09_pd.txt
Data Content 217 subjects, 105 variables
Data Points 217*105=22,785 data points
Variables Number of subjects (1), Items of AIST (60), Demographic variables (5), Surety of choice of major (1), Random Inventory (9), Importance of the most significant random experience (1), Inventory of different aspects of choice (28)
MD5 Hash 49d3d3cfbc96f6bc424e61c0dfb09082
  
Description Primary data and derived variables of the study
File Name meja92zu09_ad.txt
Data Content 217 subjects, 111 variables
Data Points 217*111=24,087 data points
Variables Number of subjects (1), Items of AIST (60), Demographic variables (5), Surety of choice of major (1), Random Inventory (9), Importance of the most significant random experience (1), Inventory of different aspects of choice (28), reduced scales of AIST (6)
MD5 Hash 3ac52cc1bac5599d06a72df92112a933
  

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Description of Additional Materials

Description File Name
German codebook of primary data set meja92zu09_pd.txt meja92zu09_kb.txt
Transformation instructions of primary data set meja99zu99_pd.txt meja92zu09_aa.txt

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Publications Directly Related to the Dataset

Publications Directly Related to the Dataset
von Maurice, J., Scheller, R. & Bumer, T. (1995). Zufallserfahrungen und Interessenstruktur: Eine Untersuchung zum Wahlverhalten von Studienanfngern. Zeitschrift fr Pdagogische Psychologie, 9, 37-44.Datensatz 0092637

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Utilized Test Methods

Utilized Test Methods
Bergmann, C., Eder, F. (1992). Allgemeiner Interessen-Struktur-Test. Weinheim: Beltz. Datensatz 9002202

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Further Reading

Further Reading
Bandura, A. (1982). The psychology of chance encounters and life paths. American Psychologist, 37, 747-755.
Bumer, T., Scheller, R., von Maurice, J. (1994). Der Einfluss von Zufallserfahrungen auf die Sudienfachwahl. Swiss Journal of Psychology, 53, 166-177.Datensatz 0087950
Cabral, A. C. & Salomone, P. R. (1990). Chance and careers: Normative versus contextual development. The Career Development Quarterly, 39, 5-17.
Holland, J. L. (1985). Making vocational choices. A theory of vocational personalities and work environments (2nd ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Miller, M. J. (1983). The role of happenstance in career choice. Vocational Guidance Quarterly, 32, 16-20.
Munn, N. L. (1983). More on chance encounters and life paths. American Psychologist, 38, 351-352.
Salomone, P. R. & Slaney, R. B. (1981). The influence of chance and contingency factors on the vocational choice process of nonprofessional workers. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 19, 25-35.
Scheller, R. & Greve, W. (1999). Rationale Beratung: Sackgasse oder Perspektive? Integrative Therapie, 25, 64-89.Datensatz 0129005
Scheller, R. (1986). Die Bedeutung zuflliger Ereignisse fr die Laufbahnentwicklung und Laufbahnberatung. Zeitschrift fr Berufs- und Wirtschaftspdagogik, 82, 291-298.Datensatz 0060948
Scott, J. & Hatalla, J. (1990). The influence of chance and contingency factors on career patterns of college-educated women. The Career Development Quarterly, 39, 18-30.
Seligman, D. (1981). Luck and careers. Fortune, 104 (10), 60-72.
Simon, H. A. (1979). Models of thought. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Stagner, R. (1981). Training and experiences of some distinguished industrial psychologists. American Psychologist, 36, 497-505
Wyss, D. (1987). Biographie: Zufall oder Fgung? Daseinsanalyse, 4, 77-84.Datensatz 0024482

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Center for Research Data in Psychology
54296 Trier, Germany
Phone: +49 (0)651 201-2062
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