Psychosocial stress in adolescents. Primary data from a longitudinal study about experiencing of the Gulf War.

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Mansel, Jürgen


Dataset Information

Title Psychosocial stress in adolescents. Primary data from a longitudinal study about experiencing of the Gulf War.
Original Title Psychosoziale Belastungen Jugendlicher. Primärdaten einer Längsschnittstudie zum Erleben des Golfkrieges.
Citation Mansel, J. (2004). Psychosocial stress in adolescents. Primary data from a longitudinal study about experiencing of the Gulf War. [Translated Title] (Version 1.0.0) [Data and Documentation]. Trier: Center for Research Data in Psychology: PsychData of the Leibniz Institute for Psychology ZPID.
Language of variable documentation German
Responsible for Data Collection Mansel, Jürgen
Data Collection Completion Date 1991
Dataset Publication 2004
Dataset ID mljn91be12
Study Description Examined how changes in the perception and evaluation of risk situations, triggered by the event "the Gulf War", interact with changes in the psychosocial well-being of adolescents. The focus of the study is on the interaction of objective conditions, the interpretation of these interactions by adolescent subjects, and intrapsychic processes.
The data were collected by representative surveys of young people at three time points during and after the Gulf War. Using a questionnaire, sociodemographic characteristics, political orientation, the intensity of experienced fear in the face of a society-produced threat, and the potential consequences of stress were measured (cf. Mansel, 1995). The measurement occasions before and after the Gulf War are part of a larger-scale longitudinal study. The survey during the Gulf War was conducted as an interim survey with a reduced set of variables.
Different results can be derived from the data: Even though almost two-thirds of the adolescents, at least partially, deemed the actions of the U.S. necessary, they were still emotionally upset by the events in the Gulf. This fear is based on the uncertainty and the misgivings that the war would continue to escalate and have serious consequences. Although some young people did not concern themselves with the Gulf War and related events, more than two-thirds of the young people questioned here took part in public campaigns concerning the Gulf War. Under the dominance of the Golf War, the events in other critical areas were, comparatively, of relatively minor concern (cf. Mansel, 1995).
This record includes portions of the data from the measurement occasions before and after the Gulf War and the complete data of the measurement occasion during the Gulf War. Thus, datasets from all 3 measurement occasions are available for 242 adolescents.
Hypotheses -
Keyphrase psychosocial stress in adolescents, effects of the Gulf War on risk perception, interaction between objective environmental conditions & subjective interpretation of environmental conditions & mental processes, 3 measurement points before & during & after the Gulf War, 418 subjects aged 11-18, longitudinal empirical study, primary data
Funding German Research Foundation within the SFB 227; TP: B1
Rating The data set is part of an extensive longitudinal study. Procedures were thus tested repeatedly.
File Access Criteria

Data files and additional material that belong to access category 1indication of an academic email account and the intended use


PSYNDEX Classification and Controlled Terms

Classification Motivation & Emotion
Psychosocial & Personality Development
Political Processes & Political Issues
Social Perception & Cognition
Environmental Issues & Attitudes
Controlled Terms War
Ecological Factors
Social Issues
Emotional Content
Emotional Development
Somatoform Disorders
Adolescent Development
Social Processes
Data Collection


Research Method Description

Research Method Description Questionnaire Data
Classification of Data Collection Fully Standardized Survey Instrument (provides question formulation and answer options)
Research Instrument The study used questionnaire data. Test subjects were presented with a largely similar survey instrument at all 3 time points.
In a questionnaire using a closed response format, subjects used a response scale to indicate their agreement or disagreement with each item's contents. Subjects could choose either "never", "rarely", "sometimes" or "frequently" when indicating their current emotional state (Example: "How often do you feel helpless ...") or current physical complaints (Example: "How often did you have the following ailments during the previous 12 months).
A 5-point rating scale spanning between "very unlikely" and "very likely" was used to assess specific probable war events (Example: "In your opinion, how likely is it that more nations will become involved in the Gulf War?").
Mansel (1995) provides information concerning the procedure.
Data Collection Method Data collection in the presence of an experimenter
- Group setting (class survey)
Time Points repeated measurements
Survey Time Period The investigation was performed at 3 time points:
Measurement time point 1: Autumn 1990 (before the Gulf War)
Measurement time point 2: January 28 - February 7, 1991 (during the Gulf War
Measurement time point 3: Autumn 1991 (after the Gulf War)
Characteristics -
Population Young people from North Rhine-Westphalia
Experimental Pool Individuals
Sample Multilevel selection procedure: site selection was based on community size and structure as reported via official statistics of North Rhine-Westphalia (metropolitan center in Essen; the urban conglomeration of Bielefeld; rural county of Lippe). Groups were formed based on the school education or vocation training of the representative samples from North Rhine-Westphalia.
At measurement time point 2 (January/February 1991) only young people from Bielefeld were surveyed for the data set.
Subject Recruitment In-class recruitment
Sample Size 418 individuals
Return/Drop Out 318 subjects measurement time point 1; 333 at time point 2; 332 the time point 3. Subjects were asked at 3 time points. 242 subjects participated in all 3 time points. The remaining number of subjects: Waves 1 and 2: N = 36; Shafts 1 and 3: n = 27; Waves 2 and 3: N = 18; only wave 1: N = 13; only wave 2: N = 37; only wave 3: N = 45.
Gender Distribution 45,6% female subjects (n=145; zum Messzeitpunkt 1)
51,3% male subjects (n=163; zum Messzeitpunkt 1)
Age Distribution 11-18 years (at measurement time point 1; 15-19 at measurement time point 3)
Special Groups -
Country Germany
Region North Rhein-Westphalia
City Bielefeld
Variables Formal variables
Socio-demographic variables
Current emotional state
Perceived problem areas
Probability assessment of threatening events
Opportunities for problem solution
Activities aimed at political problems
General attitude toward life
Political orientation
School performance and school/ vocational achievement
Somatic and vegetative symptoms
Aggressive behavior
Probability of various events in the Gulf War
Personal coping of and perspective on the Gulf War
Concern of current events in the Baltics
Probability of various events in the USSR


Data Status

Data Status Data Set Excerpt
Original Records Questionnaire filled out by either the subject or the experimenter containing closed and/or open answers
Transformation Data matrix contains immediate, raw transmission of the original records into machine-readable form for easy encoding. This data matrix (mljn91be12_pd.txt) is provided along with the associated code book (mljn91be12_kb.txt).


Description of the Provided Data

Description Primary study data
File Name mljn91be12_pd.txt
Data Content 418 subjects, 345 variables
Data Points 418*345=144,210 data points
Variables Measurement time point (3), Formal and sociodemographic variables (31), Current emotional state (78), Self-image (24), Perceived problem areas (23), Probability assessment of threatening events , (23) Political solutions (3), Problem solving through personal commitment (3), Problem solving activities (17 ), General outlook on life (6), Political orientation (3), Assessment of school performance, school stressors, anticipated education and vocational achievement (26), Physical complaints and health (75), Aggressive behavior (12), anxiety due to war events and political crises, probability estimates (15), Personal coping in regards to political crises (3)
MD5 Hash 37d8bba238daa041fb0c6ba0b2a30538
File Access Criteria access category 1indication of an academic email account and the intended use


Description of Additional Materials

Description File Name
Item allocation within the 3 study waves mljn91be12_iz.txt
German codebook of primary data file mljn91be12_pd.txt mljn91be12_kb.txt


Publications Directly Related to the Dataset

Publications Directly Related to the Dataset
Mansel, J. (1995). Sozialisation in der Risikogesellschaft. Eine Untersuchung zu psychosozialen Belastungen Jugendlicher als Folge ihrer Bewertung gesellschaftlicher Bedrohungspotentiale. Neuwied: Luchterhand.Datensatz 0094382


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