Being afraid of violence. Primary data from a study on adolescent victims and perpetrators.

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Mansel, Jürgen


Dataset Information

Title Being afraid of violence. Primary data from a study on adolescent victims and perpetrators.
Original Title Angst vor Gewalt. Primärdaten einer Studie zu jugendlichen Opfern und Tätern.
Citation Mansel, J. (2004). Being afraid of violence. Primary data from a study on adolescent victims and perpetrators. [Translated Title] (Version 1.0.0) [Data and Documentation]. Trier: Center for Research Data in Psychology: PsychData of the Leibniz Institute for Psychology Information ZPID.
Language of variable documentation German
Responsible for Data Collection Mansel, Jürgen
Data Collection Completion Date 1999
Dataset Publication 2004
Dataset ID mljn99an11
Study Description When the media reports about teens, it is primarily in connection with their acts of violence. As teen violence is mainly directed against their peers, it can be assumed that this form of news reporting potentially causes teens to feel insecure and fearful that they, themselves, will become victims of physical attacks by their peers. With this in mind, a survey of young people was conducted which provided information about the extent of the fears and concerns teens have of becoming victims of violence and other criminal acts. This was then compared to the intensity of other fears and concerns which arise from their private and professional life or risks that are sociopolitical in nature.
In this context, three key issues were considered. In terms of the teen victims, the background for the extent of teens' fear of crime was analyzed and, on the basis of stress theoretical considerations, the consequences of victimization on the emotional and somatic well-being of those affected were studied. In terms of the teen perpetrators, offenders' biographical experiences and social conditions, which were relevant to both their readiness to act violently and the violence they had experienced, were identified.
To clarify these issues, a study on "fear of violence in adolescence" was conducted in the district of Soest in May and June 1999. The investigation was designed as a school class survey in which each student filled out a questionnaire anonymously. A total of 2,106 students from all three school tracks in the 6th- to 10th grades took part in the survey.
The primary data from this study are provided along with the corresponding codebook.
Hypotheses 3 research-guiding questions:
1. The extent and influence of the fear of violence or the fear of crime in comparison to other fears and worries in adolescence. Clarification of the factors that were significant for the formation of these fears of victimization.
2. Consequences of victimization (effects on emotions, behavior, self-esteem and well-being, fear of crime, quality of life).
3. Causes of violence and willingness to be violent.
Keyphrase anxiety & fear of violence in adolescents, victimization & stress reactions & perpetrators & biography & socialization & prevention, 2,107 6th-10th graders, primary data
Funding -
Rating Most scales had already been proven reliable in other studies the author had conducted. For more information about the procedures used see Mansel (2001).


PSYNDEX Classification and Controlled Terms

Classification Psychosocial & Personality Development
Criminal Behavior & Juvenile Delinquency
Controlled Terms Juvenile Delinquency
Psychosocial Development
Aggressive Behavior
Well Being
Data Collection


Research Method Description

Research Method Description Questionnaire Data
Classification of Data Collection Fully Standardized Survey Instrument (provides question formulation and answer options)
Research Instrument The main questionnaire was largely standardized. In addition to the intensity of young people's fear of crime and perpetrator/victim experiences, each subject's perception, interpretation, and subjective assessment of their social situation in school, at home, and during free time as well as their position within their social circle were measured. Additionally, some attributes, characteristics, behavioral dispositions, and behavioral tendencies of the youths were collected along with the frequency of specific emotions and physical discomforts. Scales that had, for the most part, already been tested in other studies were used to measure the variables.
In addition to the standardized questionnaire, youths could add their thoughts and opinions concerning protective measures against violence, public policies aimed at the prevention of violence, and places/venues they considered to be dangerous.
Data Collection Method In-class Survey in the presence of an interviewer who evaluated every questionnaire individually.
Time Points single measurement
Survey Time Period Cross-sectional survey, 1999
Characteristics -
Population Adolescents in 6th-10th grade in the district of Soest
Experimental Pool Individuals
Sample Stratified, systematic sample
Subject Recruitment The questionnaires were completed by the students in the classroom. Interviewers were available for questions during the questionnaire.
Sample Size 2,106 individuals
Return/Drop Out Due to smaller class sizes and higher default rates due to the lack of parental consent for participation in the investigation, measurements taken at the lower-track schools are not included.
Gender Distribution 47,7% female subjects (n=1005)
51,3% male subjects (n=1081)
Age Distribution 11-17 years (there were only a few older students within the 10th grades)
Special Groups -
Country Germany
Region District of Soest
City -
Variables Formal variables
Demographic variables
Fear of violence and fear of crime in adolescence
Prevalence of violence and criminality in adolescence
Social skills
Behavioral tendencies and coping with stress
School socialization
Familial socialization
Forms of free time


Data Status

Data Status Complete Data Set
Original Records Questionnaire filled out by either the subject or the experimenter containing closed and/or open answers
Transformation The survey responses were transferred by applying simple coding rules in a data matrix. The answers to the open questions were summarized by 2 independent coders into categories. This data matrix (mljn99an11_pd.txt) is provided along with the associated code book (mljn99an11_kb.txt).


Description of the Provided Data

Description Primary data of the study
File Name mljn99an11_pd.txt
Data Content 2,106 subjects, 388 variables
Data Points 2,106*388=817,128 data points
Variables Formal variables (4), Forms of free time (10), Personal resources, behavioral tendencies, and attitudes (44), Demographic variables (2), Problematic forms of stress regulation (32), Adolescent fears and concerns (38), Prevalence of violence and crime (66), Confidants and expected support (34), Measures and behaviors for violence prevention (27), Familial socialization (60), School socialization (59), Open questions concerning violence and fear (12)
MD5 Hash a5e8723d247d0542b2df6caa3499f182


Description of Additional Materials

Description File Name
German codebook of primary data set mljn99an11_pd.txt mljn99an11_kb.txt


Publications Directly Related to the Dataset

Publications Directly Related to the Dataset
Mansel, Jürgen (2000). Determinanten für Gewalt und Gewaltbereitschaft im Jugendalter. Journal für Konflikt und Gewaltforschung, 2 (1), 70-93.Datensatz 0156060
Mansel, Jürgen (2001a). Angst vor Gewalt. Eine Untersuchung zu Hintergründen und Folgen von Kriminalität im Jugendalter. Weinheim/München: Juventa.Datensatz 0142809
Mansel, Jürgen (2001b). Familiale Erziehung und Gewalterfahrungen. Hintergründe und Folgen der Viktimisierung. Zeitschrift für Familienforschung, 13 (3), 26-51.Datensatz 0152781


Further Reading

Further Reading
Wegener, Bernd (1985). Gibt es Sozialprestige? Zeitschrift für Soziologie, 14 (3), 209-235.Datensatz 0010959


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