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Scientific data of the Munich Longitudinal Study on the Genesis of Individual Competencies (LOGIC): The development of reading and spelling

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Researchers

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Schneider, Wolfgang

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Dataset Information

Title Scientific data of the Munich Longitudinal Study on the Genesis of Individual Competencies (LOGIC): The development of reading and spelling
Original Title Forschungsdaten der Mnchner Longitudinalstudie zur Genese individueller Kompetenzen (LOGIK): Entwicklung der Schriftsprachkompetenz
Citation Schneider, W. (2013). Scientific data of the Munich Longitudinal Study on the Genesis of Individual Competencies (LOGIC): The development of reading and spelling [Translated Title] (Version 1) [Files on CD-ROM]. Trier: Center for Research Data in Psychology: PsychData of the Leibniz Institute for Psychology Information ZPID. https://doi.org/10.5160/psychdata.srwg05lo30
Language of variable documentation German/English
Responsible for Data Collection Schneider, Wolfgang; Max-Planck-Institut fr psychologische Forschung
Data Collection Completion Date 2005
Dataset Publication 2013
Dataset ID srwg05lo30
Study Description The Munich "Longitudinal Study of the Genesis of Individual Competencies" (LOGIC) is a comprehensive examination of the differential description of developmental trajectories of cognitive skills and personality characteristics. It also describes individual differences in development due to the influence of varying school and classroom conditions. The changing state of the development of intelligence, psychomotor behavior, thinking, memory, school knowledge, motivation, personal characteristics, social skills and preferences, and moral reasoning and action were regularly reported. Beginning in 1984, 9 annual survey waves were carried out encompassing 3 points of measurement each. 205 children (aged 4 years and older) from 20 different kindergartens in Munich and from the Frstenfeldbruck area were examined. In 1997-1998, a follow-up study (wave 10) was conducted with the now 18-year-old subjects. The most recent survey (wave 11) took place in 2003-2005. For this wave, 153 subjects (74.6%) of the initial sample could be obtained. The entire study thus extends over an age range from preschool age to young adulthood (Schneider & Bullock, 2009, Weinert & Schneider, 1999).

The impact of early phonological processing skills on reading and spelling in school was investigated. Results showed that phonological awareness, memory capacity, and early literacy are predictive factors for reading and spelling. All predictors were highly intercorrelated. Stability for individual differences in reading and spelling skills has been found until early adulthood. While spelling performance improved during the first school years, no performance improvements were shown during adolescence and early adulthood. Gender differences were present - girls were significantly better in reading and spelling tests.
Results indicated that spelling performance declined during the past four decades.
Hypotheses -
Keyphrase longitudinal study on genesis of individual competencies, about 200 children aged 4-23 years, development and prediction of reading skills & orthographic skills from preschool age till young adulthood, phonological awareness & individual stability & individual differences, scientific data
Funding Max Planck Society; Volkswagen Foundation; Jacobs Foundation
Rating Spelling competency was investigated more thoroughly than were reading skills, as the former was ascribed a greater practical relevance. For school and professional careers, and especially pertaining to the transition to secondary school, spelling performance is of primary importance. Furthermore, literacy problems will more often show up in spelling, as German orthography is relatively regular and therefore easier to read. A further reason, why reading competencies were unfortunately rather neglected during the LOGIC study is that the employee mainly responsible for the investigational concept left the institute after a relatively short time (Schneider, 2008).

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PSYNDEX Classification and Controlled Terms

Classification Cognitive & Perceptual Development
Academic Learning & Achievement
Controlled Terms Childhood Development
Adolescent Development
Adult Development
Reading Skills
Phonological Awareness
Orthography
Reading Development
Cognitive Development
Individual Differences
Data Collection

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Research Method Description

Research Method Description Test Data
Classification of Data Collection Research Instrument, Standardized Test Procedure, Normalized Test Procedure
Research Instrument Precursor skills for reading and spelling were assessed one single time at the age of 6 years (3rd wave of the LOGIC study). Thereby, the following instruments were employed:
Bielefeld Screening (BISC; Jansen, Mannhaupt, Marx & Skowronek, 1999)
Rhyme Task from Bradley & Bryant (1985)
Memory Span Test (cf. Schneider, 2008)
Tasks from Brgelmann (1986) (tasks on syllable division, letter knowledge, writing words, punctuation knowledge)
Florida Screening Test (Greenfield & Scott, 1985)
Subtest Text Memory from the Heidelberg Language Development Test (HSET) (Grimm & Schler, 1978)

Spelling tests were conducted at ages 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 18 and 23 years for longitudinal analyses. The assessment of spelling competency was conducted via presentation of spelling samples that were developed by W. Schneider, H. Brgelmann and the Bielefeld project team (Schneider & Nslund, 1999). These were comprised of words from Bavarian basic vocabulary, basic vocabulary of previous East Germany as well as difficult, unfamiliar words from a collection by Brgelmann (1986).
In wave 5, at two test points, word dictations were presented, in waves 6, 7 and 8 sentence dictations were presented.
In waves 10 and 11, a standardized spelling test was conducted ("Moselfahrt", Althoff, Greif, Henning, Hess & Rber, 1974).

At ages 7, 8 and 23 years, reading tests were conducted for longitudinal analyses. For the seven- and eight-year-olds (waves 4 and 5) tasks developed by Rott & Zielinski (1986) as well as Nslund (1990) were employed. In the 11th wave with the 23-year-olds, a reading speed test and reading comprehension test were employed (Schneider, Schlagmller & Ennemoser, 2007), as well as subtests that were used as pre-tests in the PISA 2000 study.
The research data from the reading tests in wave 11 and in part wave 5 are still being processed and will be made available as soon as possible. Research data are already available for the following tests:
2 reading tasks presented in the 4th wave;
Stroop-Task from the 5th wave that was conducted at two points of measurement;
Phonetic task that was employed in the 5th wave.
Data Collection Method Data collection in the presence of an experimenter
- Individual Administration
- Group Administration
- Paper and Pencil
Time Points repeated measurements
Survey Time Period 1st wave: 1984 - 1985
2nd wave: 1985 - 1986
3rd wave: 1986 - 1987
4th wave: 1987 - 1988
5th wave: 1988 - 1989
6th wave: 1989 - 1990
7th wave: 1990 - 1991
8th wave: 1991 - 1992
9th wave: 1992 - 1993
10th wave: 1997 - 1998
11th wave: 2003 - 2005
Characteristics -
Population Children
Experimental Pool Individuals
Sample Selection of 20 kindergartens in Greater Munich and in the Frstenfeldbruck area (near Munich), that corresponded to socio-economic criteria of (West) Germanys general population in the year 1984. After information sessions at each of the facilities, 205 children were recruited. After the first assessment year (wave 1) approx. another 20 children were recruited.
Subject Recruitment Personal contact to parents and subjects through psychological-technical assistants over the course of 20 years. Small gifts on special occasions. Yearly Christmas and birthday greetings with individually selected post cards. Individual aptitude tests for schooling and career paths as well as general counselling offered and performed by academic staff. Publication of a newsletter for the sample in the early assessment waves. Festive completion event in 1993 with gifts. Copy of the book Development in Childhood sent free of charge. During waves 10 and 11, subject compensation and offer of comparative performance evaluation.
Sample Size 205 individuals (wave 1)
Return/Drop Out After a drop out of 13 children in wave 2, a further 25 children were recruited, resulting in the following sample sizes for the further waves: 217 in wave 2; 213 in wave 3; 204 in wave 4; 200 in wave 5; 195 in wave 6; 194 in wave 7; 189 in wave 8; 186 in wave 9; 176 in wave 10 and still 153 subjects in wave 11.
The response rate was 74.6% in wave 11. The data on sample sizes refer to the entire LOGIC study. The number of subjects may vary between each of the single assessments.
Gender Distribution 1st wave: 49% female subjects (n=100); 51% male subjects (n=105)
2nd wave: 48% female subjects (n=104); 52% male subjects (n=113)
3rd wave: 48% female subjects (n=102); 52% male subjects (n=111)
4th wave: 49% female subjects (n=98); 51% male subjects (n=105)
5th wave: 48% female subjects (n=96); 52% male subjects (n=104)
6th wave: 48% female subjects (n=93); 52% male subjects (n=100)
7th wave: 48% female subjects (n=93); 52% male subjects (n=101)
8th wave: 47% female subjects (n=89); 53% male subjects (n=100)
9th wave: 47% female subjects (n=87); 53% male subjects (n=99)
10th wave: 47% female subjects (n=81); 53% male subjects (n=93)
Age Distribution 4-12 years (wave 1-9); 18 years ( wave 10); 23 years (wave 11)
Special Groups -
Country Germany
Region Bavaria
City Munich
Variables information forthcoming

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Data Status

Data Status Data Set Excerpt
Original Records Questionnaire filled out by either the subject or the experimenter containing closed and/or open answers
Transformation Data from the subjects were coded and then immediately transferred into a machine-readable form

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Description of the Provided Data

Description Research data of spelling test: dictation of words, 5th wave, 1st measurement
File Name srwg05lo30_w5_fd1.txt
Data Content 194 subjects, 39 variables
Data Points 194*39=7,566 data points
Variables information forthcoming
MD5 Hash 3924afadc3872b9e131e8cf7bb805bff
  
Description Research data of spelling test: dictation of words, 5th wave, 3rd measurement
File Name srwg05lo30_w5_fd2.txt
Data Content 194 subjects, 39 variables
Data Points 194*39=7,566 data points
Variables information forthcoming
MD5 Hash 26a6fc18204d642192fee111f0256b18
  
Description Research data of spelling test: dictation of sentences, 6th wave, 3rd measurement
File Name srwg05lo30_w6_fd3.txt
Data Content 191 subjects, 95 variables
Data Points 191*95=18,145data points
Variables information forthcoming
MD5 Hash 76cb98201aac92d16e52dc17c04ada9c
  
Description Research data of spelling test: dictation of sentences, 7th wave, 2nd measurement
File Name srwg05lo30_w7_fd4.txt
Data Content 192 subjects, 138 variables
Data Points 192*138=26,496 data points
Variables information forthcoming
MD5 Hash b21e7511bd48c4eaf127e7bdf2c027af
  
Description Research data of spelling test: dictation of sentences, 8th wave, 3rd measurement
File Name srwg05lo30_w8_fd5.txt
Data Content 197 subjects, 182 variables
Data Points 197*182=35,854 data points
Variables information forthcoming
MD5 Hash 63a866fc9ffdf3376d9b8347e3701386
  
Description Research data of spelling test: dictation Moselfahrt, 10th wave, 2nd measurement
File Name srwg05lo30_w10_fd6.txt
Data Content 174 subjects, 70 variables
Data Points 174*70=12,180 data points
Variables information forthcoming
MD5 Hash 6aa8998cdd8b0de623307da9a760084e
  
Description Research data of spelling test: dictation Moselfahrt, 11th wave, 2nd measurement
File Name srwg05lo30_w11_fd7.txt
Data Content 151 subjects, 69 variables
Data Points 151*69=10,419 data points
Variables information forthcoming
MD5 Hash b0ceb2ed4ff81f122686cddfe89f4f42
  
Description Research data of word discrimination task, 4th wave, 3rd measurement
File Name srwg05lo30_w4_fd8.txt
Data Content 167 subjects, 2 variables
Data Points 167*2=334
Variables information forthcoming
MD5 Hash 558f27d0ffcfcc5241815796768ef7de
  
Description Research data of reading, 4th wave, 3rd measurement
File Name srwg05lo30_w4_fd9.txt
Data Content 73 subjects, 31 variables
Data Points 73*31=2,263 data points
Variables information forthcoming
MD5 Hash 0fe5471b8cd77bc946ed0cfeb05859f5
  
Description Research data of stroop-task, 5th wave, 1st measurement
File Name srwg05lo30_w5_fd10.txt
Data Content 136 subjects, 16 variables
Data Points 136*16=2,176 data points
Variables information forthcoming
MD5 Hash 167b30c229fafdfc48a521598ba01140
  
Description Research data of stroop-task, 5th wave, 3rd measurement
File Name srwg05lo30_w5_fd11.txt
Data Content 172 subjects, 16 variables
Data Points 172*16=2,752 data points
Variables information forthcoming
MD5 Hash a3c187eebfce8fca3ed929270348a9ba
  
Description Research data of phonetic task, 5th wave, 3rd measurement
File Name srwg05lo30_w5_fd17.txt
Data Content 194 subjects, 35 variables
Data Points 194*35=6,790 data points
Variables information forthcoming
MD5 Hash 44bddefd70cca171ac264fae0846ab9d
  
Description Research data of Bielefeld Screening, 3rd wave, 2nd measurement
File Name srwg05lo30_w3_fd12.txt
Data Content 208 subjects, 33 variables
Data Points 208*33=6,864 data points
Variables information forthcoming
MD5 Hash 2dce22e2cb28c1c24e2c0f581e79c087
  
Description Research data of Florida Screening, 3rd wave, 3rd measurement
File Name srwg05lo30_w3_fd13.txt
Data Content 212 subjects, 48 variables
Data Points 212*48=10,176
Variables information forthcoming
MD5 Hash 010a96b43afab1c9db24e4af2346d6f5
  
Description Research data of Heidelberg language test (HSET) (Subtest: text memory), 3rd wave, 2nd measurement
File Name srwg05lo30_w3_fd14.txt
Data Content 199 subjects, 18 variables
Data Points 199*18=3,582 data points
Variables information forthcoming
MD5 Hash 8be8c82b6993f030cdb1dd251ecbcbc9
  
Description Research data of Brgelmann tasks, 3rd wave, 3rd measurement
File Name srwg05lo30_w3_fd15.txt
Data Content 214 subjects, 177 variables
Data Points 214*177=37,878 data points
Variables information forthcoming
MD5 Hash 57a5351a69dc753cbd25f25353e63226
  
Description Research data of rhyming and memory span test, 3rd wave, 3rd measurement
File Name srwg05lo30_w3_fd16.txt
Data Content 212 subjects, 48 variables
Data Points 212*48=10,176 data points
Variables information forthcoming
MD5 Hash 52148930c065f73bd04d1f0ef814b298
  
Description Research data of subject information, wave 1-10
File Name wtfz05lo30_w1-10_fd1.txt
Data Content 265 subjects, 52 variables
Data Points 265*53=13,780 data points
Variables information forthcoming
MD5 Hash 37dd78603ae557c347ca4336c0ef4bf9
  
Description Research data of subject information, 11th wave
File Name wtfz05lo30_w11_fd2.txt
Data Content 196 subjects, 7 variables
Data Points 196*7=1,372 data points
Variables information forthcoming
MD5 Hash 37ea6ee0fb5317d435b04ab34ba5fa90
  

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Description of Additional Materials

Description File Name
German codebook of research data file srwg05lo30_w3_fd12.txt, Bielefeld Screening, 3rd wave, 2nd measurement srwg05lo30_w3_kb12.txt
German codebook of research data file srwg05lo30_w3_fd13.txt, Florida Screening, 3rd wave, 3rd measurement srwg05lo30_w3_kb13.txt
German codebook of research data file srwg05lo30_w3_fd14.txt, Heidelberg language test (HSET) (Subtest: text memory), 3rd wave, 2nd measurement srwg05lo30_w3_kb14.txt
German codebook of research data file srwg05lo30_w3_fd15.txt, Brgelmann tasks, 3rd wave, 3rd measurement srwg05lo30_w3_kb15.txt
German codebook of research data file srwg05lo30_w3_fd16.txt, rhyming and memory span test, 3rd wave, 3rd measurement srwg05lo30_w3_kb16.txt
Instructions of Bielefeld-Screening, 3rd wave, 2nd measurement srwg05lo30_w3_in12.pdf
Instructions of Florida Screening, 3rd wave, 3rd measurement srwg05lo30_w3_in13.pdf
Instructions of Heidelberger language test (HSET) (Subtest: text memory), 3rd wave, 2nd measurement srwg05lo30_w3_in14.pdf
Instructions of Brgelmann-tasks, 3rd wave, 3rd measurement srwg05lo30_w3_in15.pdf
Instructions rhyming and memory span test, 3rd wave, 3rd measurement srwg05lo30_w3_in16.pdf
German codebook of research data file srwg05lo30_w4_fd8.txt, word discrimination task, 4th wave, 3rd measurement srwg05lo30_w4_kb8.txt
German codebook of research data file srwg05lo30_w4_fd9.txt, reading, 4th wave, 3rd measurement srwg05lo30_w4_kb9.txt
Instructions of word discrimination task, 4th wave, 3rd measurement srwg05lo30_w4_in8.pdf
Instructions of reading task, 4th wave, 3rd measurement srwg05lo30_w4_in9.pdf
German codebook of research data file srwg05lo30_w5_fd1.txt, spelling test: dictation of words, 5th wave, 1st measurement srwg05lo30_w5_kb1.txt
German codebook of research data file srwg05lo30_w5_fd2.txt, spelling test: dictation of words, 5th wave, 3rd measurement srwg05lo30_w5_kb2.txt
German codebook of research data file srwg05lo30_w5_fd10.txt, stroop-task, 5th wave, 1st measurement srwg05lo30_w5_kb10.txt
German codebook of research data file srwg05lo30_w5_fd11.txt, stroop-task, 5th wave, 3rd measurement srwg05lo30_w5_kb11.txt
German codebook of research data file srwg05lo30_w5_fd17.txt, phonetic task, 5th wave, 3rd measurement srwg05lo30_w5_kb17.txt
Instructions of spelling test: dictation of words, 5th wave, 1st measurement srwg05lo30_w5_in1.pdf
Instructions of spelling test: dictation of words, 3rd measurement srwg05lo30_w5_in2.pdf
Instructions of stroop-task, 5th wave, 1st and 3rd measurement srwg05lo30_w5_in10.pdf
Instructions of phonetic task, 5th wave, 3rd measurement srwg05lo30_w5_in17.pdf
German codebook of research data file srwg05lo30_w6_fd3.txt, spelling test: dictation of sentences, 6th wave, 3rd measurement srwg05lo30_w6_kb3.txt
Instructions of spelling test: dictation of sentences, 6th wave, 3rd measurement srwg05lo30_w6_in3.pdf
German codebook of research data file srwg05lo30_w7_fd4.txt, spelling test: dictation of sentences, 7th wave, 2nd measurement srwg05lo30_w7_kb4.txt
Instructions of spelling test: dictation of sentences, 7th wave, 2nd measurement srwg05lo30_w7_in4.pdf
German codebook of research data file srwg05lo30_w8_fd5.txt, spelling test: dictation of sentences, 8th wave, 3rd measurement srwg05lo30_w8_kb5.txt
Instructions of spelling test: dictation of sentences, 8th wave, 3rd measurement srwg05lo30_w8_in5.pdf
German codebook of research data file srwg05lo30_w10_fd6.txt, spelling test: dictation Moselfahrt, 10th wave, 2nd measurement srwg05lo30_w10_kb6.txt
Instructions of spelling test: dictation Moselfahrt, 10th wave, 2nd measurement srwg05lo30_w10_in6.pdf
German codebook of research data file srwg05lo30_w11_fd7.txt, spelling test: dictation Moselfahrt, 11th wave, 2nd measurement srwg05lo30_w11_kb7.txt
German codebook of research data file wtfz05lo30_w11_fd2.txt, subject information, 11th wave wtfz05lo30_w11_kb2.txt
German codebook of research data file wtfz05lo30_w1-10_fd1.txt, subject information, wave 1-10 wtfz05lo30_w1-10_kb1.txt
Concordance list of items of spelling tests across the waves 5, 6, 7, 8, 10 and 11) srwg05lo30_w5w6w7w8w10w11_iz1.txt
Concordance list of items of stroop-tasks, wave 5, across 1st and 3rd measurement srwg05lo30_w5w5_iz2.txt

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Publications Directly Related to the Dataset

Publications Directly Related to the Dataset
Nslund, J.C. (1990). The interrelationships among preschool predictors of reading acquisition for German children. Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2, 327-360.Datensatz 0060502
Schneider, W. (2008). Entwicklung der Schriftsprachkompetenz vom frhen Kindes- bis zum frhen Erwachsenenalter. In W. Schneider (Hrsg.), Entwicklung von der Kindheit bis zum Erwachsenenalter. Befunde der Mnchner Lngsschnittstudie LOGIK (S.167-186). Weinheim: Belz.Datensatz 0211375
Schneider, W. & Nslund, J. C. (1999). The impact of early phonological processing skills on reading and spelling in school: Evidence for the Munich Longitudinal Study. In F.E. Weinert & W. Schneider (Eds.), Individual development from 3 to 12: Findings of a longitudinal study (pp.126 - 147). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.Datensatz 0133447

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Utilized Test Methods

Utilized Test Methods
Althoff, K., Greif, S., Henning, G., Hess, R., & Rber, J. (1974). Rechtschreibungstests (R-T). Allgemeine Handanweisung fr die Diktate C, D, E (2. Aufl.) Gttingen: Hogrefe.
Bradley, L. & Bryant, P. E. (1985). Rhyme and reason in reading and spelling. Michigan: The University of Michigan Press.
Brgelmann, H. (1986). Lese- und Schreibaufgaben fr Schulanfnger. Universitt Bremen: Studiengang Primarstufe.
Greenfield, D. B., & Scott, M. S. (1985). A Cognitive Approach to Preschool Screening. Learning Disabilities Research, 1, 42-49.
Grimm, H., & Schler, H. (1978). Heidelberger Sprachentwicklungstest, H-S-E-T. Gttingen: Hogrefe.Datensatz 9000250
Jansen, H., Mannhaupt, G., Marx, H., & Skowronek, H.(1999). BISC - Bielefelder Screening zur Frherkennung von Lese-Rechtschreibschwierigkeiten. Gttingen: Hogrefe.Datensatz 9003884
Rott, C., & Zielinski, W. (1986). Entwicklungsstufen der Lesefertigkeit in der Grundschule. Zeitschrift fr Entwicklungspsychologie und Pdagogische Psychologie, 18, 165-175. Datensatz 0017213
Schneider, W. Schlagmller, M., & Ennemoser, M. (2007). Lesegeschwindigkeits- und verstndnistest fr die Klassenstufen 6-12. Gttingen: Hogrefe.Datensatz 9005742

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Further Reading

Further Reading
Schneider, W. (1994). Geschlechtsunterschiede beim Schriftspracherwerb: Befunde aus den Mnchner Lngsschnittstudien LOGIK und SCHOLASTIK. In S. Richter & H. Brgelmann (Hrsg.), Mdchen lernen anders als Jungen. Geschlechtsspezifische Unterschiede beim Schriftspracherwerb (S. 71-82). Konstanz: Libelle Verlag.Datensatz 0201531
Schneider, W. (1997). Rechtschreiben und Rechtschreibschwierigkeiten. In F.E. Weinert (Hrsg.), Psychologie des Unterrichts und der Schule (Enzyklopdie der Psychologie, Serie I: Pdagogische Psychologie, Band 3) (S. 327-363). Gttingen: Hogrefe.Datensatz 0112760
Schneider, W. (2008). Entwicklung, Diagnose und Frderung der Lesekompetenz im Kindes- und Jugendalter. In C. Fischer, F. Mnks & U. Westphal (Hrsg.), Individuelle Frderung: Begabungen entfalten Persnlichkeit entwickeln; Band II: Fachbezogene Forder- und Frderkonzepte (S. 131-168). Mnster: LIT Verlag.
Schneider, W., Brgelmann, H., & Kochan, B. (1990). Lesen- und Schreibenlernen in neuer Sicht: Vier Perspektiven auf den Stand der Forschung. In Brgelmann, H. & Balhorn, H. (Hrsg.), Das Gehirn, sein Alfabet und andere Geschichten. DGLS-Jahrbuch "Lesen und Schreiben" Nr. 4 (S. 220-235). Konstanz: FaudeDatensatz 0201350
Schneider, W., & Stefanek, J. (2004). Entwicklungsvernderungen allgemeiner kognitiver Fhigkeiten und schulbezogener Fertigkeiten im Kindes- und Jugendalter. Evidenz fr einen Schereneffekt? Zeitschrift fr Entwicklungspsychologie und Pdagogische Psychologie, 36, 147-159.Datensatz 0172722
Schneider, W., Stefanek, J., & Dotzler, H. (1997). Erwerb des Lesens und des Rechtschreibens: Ergebnisse aus dem SCHOLASTIK-Projekt. In Weinert, F. E. & Helmke, A. (Hrsg.), Entwicklung im Grundschulalter (S. 113-130). Weinheim: Psychologie Verlags UnionDatensatz 0115820

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Universitätsring 15,
Center for Research Data in Psychology
54296 Trier, Germany
Phone: +49 (0)651 201-2062
Fax: +49 (0)651 201-2071


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