From motive dispositions to states to outcomes: Research data of an intensive experience sampling study on communal motivational dynamics in couples

Order Dataset

Print View


Zygar, Caroline
Hagemeyer, Birk
Pusch, Sebastian
Schnbrodt, Felix D.


Dataset Information

Title From motive dispositions to states to outcomes: Research data of an intensive experience sampling study on communal motivational dynamics in couples
Original Title Von Motivdispositionen zu Zustnden zur Wirkung: Forschungsdaten einer umfangreichen Experience-Sampling-Studie zu kommunalen Motivationsdynamiken in Paaren
Citation Zygar, C., Hagemeyer, B., Pusch, S., & Schnbrodt, F.D. (2018). From motive dispositions to states to outcomes: Research data of an intensive experience sampling study on communal motivational dynamics in couples [Translated Title] (Version 1) [Files on CD-ROM]. Trier: Center for Research Data in Psychology: PsychData of the Leibniz Institute for Psychology Information ZPID.
Language of variable documentation German
Responsible for Data Collection Zygar, Caroline; Hagemeyer, Birk; Pusch, Sebastian; Schnbrodt, Felix D.
Data Collection Completion Date 2016
Dataset Publication 2018
Dataset ID zrce16dy99
Study Description 152 individuals from 77 heterosexual couples completed an online preliminary questionnaire on dispositional implicit and explicit motives, global relationship satisfaction, personality, satisfaction with life and decision-making in intimate relationships. 130 of these individuals took part in an experience sampling study spanning two weeks, answering questions about their momentary motivation, affect, state relationship satisfaction, behaviors and experiences in their relationship five times a day. Afterwards, 117 individuals provided feedback, assessed their relationship quality during the two weeks and answered a self-reflection questionnaire. The study was conducted to examine motivational dynamics in couples and its relevance for relationship satisfaction.
Hypotheses In an intimate relationship individuals have to negotiate different goals, such as when and how much time to spend together (a communion goal), or whose opinion to follow when making shared decisions (an agentic goal). We are interested in explaining
- how situational circumstances in everyday life interact with motive dispositions to generate motivational states, such as a need to see the partner,
- how couples regulate their individual motivations, and
- what consequences specific dyadic behavioural patterns have for everyday and overall relationship outcomes, such as relationship satisfaction.

Specifically, we suggest that the occurrence and regulation of everyday motivational states in a couple relationship mediate the links between individual motives as dispositions and relationship outcomes.
Keyphrase implicit dispositional communion motive & everyday motivational dynamics & relationship outcomes in couples; agentic & communal motives; experience sampling method; PACT & & SWLS & BFI-S; 76 couples
Funding German Research Foundation
Rating Coding of the implicit motives was realized by trained coders.


PSYNDEX Classification and Controlled Terms

Classification Motivation & Emotion
Marriage & Family
Personality Traits & Processes
Controlled Terms Couples
Relationship Satisfaction
Affiliation Motivation
Achievement Motivation


Research Method Description

Research Method Description Questionnaire Data
Classification of Data Collection Combined Standardized Survey Instruments (Combination of various standardized sections)
Research Instrument The following standardized instruments were used:
1: Partner-Related Agency and Communion Test (PACT).
2: The ABC of Social Desires. 3: Couples Satisfaction Index (CSI).
4: Positive Negative Relationship Quality (PN-RQ) Scale (own translation to German). 5: Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS).
6: Revised Blood & Wolfe (1960) scale for decision-making intimate relationships (own translation to German).
7: The Unified Motive Scales.
8: BFI-S.
9: Self-reflection and insight scale (own translation to German).
10: Adapted Affect Grid (own translation to German).
Data Collection Method Collection without the presence of the investigator
- online
- other: Experience-Sampling with Smartphone (ESM)
Time Points repeated measurements
Survey Time Period Experience Sampling Method (ESM) over a period of 2 weeks is used asking participants to answer questions about their mood, relationship satisfaction, motivational states, the current situations as well as the past situations features, and to give an appraisal of their own as well as their partners behavior 5 times a day at semi-random time points within a time frame of 9,5 hours per day. This time frame was adapted to the participants preferred times, with starting times ranging from 8:00 to 10:30 and ending times ranging from 21:30 to 24:00. Participants registered for participation and filled in an online preliminary questionnaire before starting the ESM part of the study. For the ESM part of the study, the participants used their own smartphones. After the two weeks of experience sampling had finished, the participants filled in additional online feedback questionnaires.
Characteristics Due to technical problems, one couple started late and finished the ESM part on December 25th. In order to eliminate potential bias due to Christmas holidays, the last two study days of this couple were excluded from our analyses. One couple participated without actually being a couple; the data from these participants was excluded.
Population German-speaking, mainly student sample, heterosexual couples
Experimental Pool Couples
Sample Convenience sample;
Participants using non-compatible smartphones as well as homosexual individuals were not eligible for participation.
Subject Recruitment Recruition: Announcements, newsletter, facebook, personal contacts
Motivation: Reminder after one week, course credits and raffle of Amazon vouchers depending on response rate
Sample Size 77 couples
Return/Drop Out Mean comliance of ESM were 84%.
Gender Distribution 50% female subjects (n=76)
50% male subjects (n=76)
Age Distribution 18-40 years
Special Groups -
Country Germany
Region -
City -
Variables -


Data Status

Data Status Complete Data Set
Original Records Individual recordings using a computerized survey method (subject-related data files)
Transformation The transmission of the original recordings into data matrices required complex experimental steps explained in the provided R scripts 1_data_preparation.R, create_esm_dat_file.R, create_fb_dat_file.R und create_preq_dat_file.R. Data of the Partner-Related Agency and Communion Test (PACT) were coded by trained coders, coding instructions can be found in Hagemeyer & Neyer (2012).


Description of the Provided Data

Description Research data of coded PACT-stories
File Name zrce16dy99_fd2.csv
Data Content 152 cases, 524 variables
Data Points 152*524=79648 data points
Variables Information forthcoming
MD5 Hash 7044f351db142a05c064697dc46c6779
Description Research data of the Experience Sampling part of the study (wide format)
File Name zrce16dy99_fd4.csv
Data Content 9897 rows, 117 variables
Data Points 9897*117= 1157949 data points
Variables Information forthcoming
MD5 Hash 5323eea0483df171fa1c7942dbb34f68
Description Research data of Experience Sampling, longformat
File Name zrce16dy99_fd3.csv
Data Content 296523 rows, 19 variables
Data Points 296523*19 = 5633937 data points
Variables Login time (1), completed time (1), event index (1), event name (1), item name (1), event start time (1), event timeout time (1), event state (1), event started time (1), event completed time (1), result index (1), item tree (1), item started time (1), item completed time (1), result (1), day (1), answered (1), event lag (1), code (1)
MD5 Hash 525801e9d1eb278b07a3e268bbc372c2
Description Research data of feedback questionnaire
File Name zrce16dy99_fd5.csv
Data Content 130 rows, 37 variables
Data Points 130*37= 4810 data points
Variables Information forthcoming
MD5 Hash df219998ef382aac861d0d1fd46b5fa5
Description Research data of the preliminary questionnaire
File Name zrce16dy99_fd1.csv
Data Content 233 sessions, 186 variables
Data Points 233*186 = 43338 data points
Variables Information forthcoming
MD5 Hash 7374e442ad3479d941adc27a14a2f673


Description of Additional Materials

Description File Name
Preregistration by Baumann, Zygar, Schnbrodt: "A dyadic study on the effect of communal motivation and conflict on relationship satisfaction and mood." Preregistration_by_Baumann_Zygar_Schoenbrodt.pdf
Preregistration by Zygar & Schnbrodt: "From motive dispositions to states to outcomes An intensive experience sampling study on motivational dynamics in couples - Study 1." Preregistration_by_Zygar_Schoenbrodt.pdf
Items of Experience Sampling esm_items.pdf
Instructions of the training for Experience Sampling esm_training.pdf
Questionnaire fb-items.pdf
Images for the items "mood"" and ""ipc""" Images_for_esm_items.pdf
Information about item sets Item_sets.pdf
Items der Vorbefragung preq_items.pdf
R-script for data preparation 1_data_preparation.R
R-script for data analysis 2_analyses.R
R-script for transformation and aggregation of raw data create_esm_dat_file.R
R-script for transformation and aggregation of raw data create_fb_dat_file.R
R-script for creation of data file Preliminary questionnaire data: record_matrix.csv and pact_coding_data: record_matrix.csv from raw data create_preq_dat_file.R
Information of R version and packages used R_session_info.txt
Codebook of research data file zrce16dy99_fd1.csv, preliminary questionnaire zrce16dy99_kb1.csv
Codebook of research data file zrce16dy99_fd2.csv, coded PACT-stories zrce16dy99_kb2.txt
Codebook of research data file zrce16dy99_fd4.csv, Experience Sampling part of the study (wide format) zrce16dy99_kb4.csv
Codebook of research data file zrce16dy99_fd5.csv, feedback questionnaire zrce16dy99_kb5.csv
Matching table for couple (paarid) and subject ID (code_new) couple_matching_data.csv


Publications Directly Related to the Dataset

Publications Directly Related to the Dataset
Zygar, C., Hagemeyer, B., Pusch, S., & Schnbrodt, F. D. (2018, in press). From motive dispositions to states to outcomes: An intensive experience sampling study on communal motivational dynamics in couples. European Journal of Personality


Utilized Test Methods

Utilized Test Methods
Bell, K. J. (2008). Intimate partner violence on campus: A test of social learning theory (Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University of Pennsylvania).
Blood, R., & Wolfe, D. (1960). Husbands and wives. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.
Funk, J. L., & Rogge, R. D. (2007). Testing the ruler with item response theory: Increasing precision of measurement for relationship satisfaction with the Couples Satisfaction Index (translated to German by Greischel, Johnson & Schmukle). Journal of Family Psychology, 21, 572583. doi:10.1037/0893-3200.21.4.572
Gerlitz, J. Y., & Schupp, J. (2005). Zur Erhebung der Big-Five-basierten persoenlichkeitsmerkmale im SOEP. DIW Research Notes, 4, 2005.
Glaesmer, H., Grande, G., Braehler, E., & Roth, M. (2011). The German Version of the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS). Psychometric properties, validity, and population-based norms. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 27(2), 127132. 0240901
Grant, A. M., Franklin, J., & Langford, P. (2002). The self-reflection and insight scale: A new measure of private self-consciousness. Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, 30(8), 821-835.
Hagemeyer, B., & Neyer, F. J. (2012). Assessing implicit motivational orientations in couple relationships: The Partner-Related Agency and Communion Test (PACT). Psychological Assessment, 24, 11428. doi:10.1037/a0024822Datensatz 0251363
Hagemeyer, B., Neyer, F. J., Neberich, W., & Asendorpf, J. B. (2013). The ABC of Social Desires: Affiliation, being alone, and closeness to partner. European Journal of Personality, 27, 442457. doi:10.1002/per.1857Datensatz 0271434
Rogge, R. D., Fincham, F. D., Crasta, D., & Maniaci, M. R. (2017). Positive and negative evaluation of relationships: Development and validation of the Positive Negative Relationship Quality (PN-RQ) Scale. Psychological Assessment, 29, 10281043. doi: 10.1037/pas0000392
Russel, J. A., Weiss, A., & Mendelsohn, G. A. (1989). Affect grid: A single-item scale of pleasure and arousal. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57(3), 493-502.
Schnbrodt, F. D., & Gerstenberg, F. X. R. (2012). An IRT analysis of motive questionnaires: The Unified Motive Scales. Journal of Research in Personality, 46, 725742. 0262652


Order Dataset


Leibniz Institute for Psychology Information
Universitätsring 15,
Center for Research Data in Psychology
54296 Trier, Germany
Phone: +49 (0)651 201-2062
Fax: +49 (0)651 201-2071

Directions to ZPID

Kontakt und Funktionen