From motive dispositions to states to outcomes: Research data of an intensive experience sampling study on communal motivational dynamics in couples

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Zygar, Caroline
Hagemeyer, Birk
Pusch, Sebastian
Schönbrodt, Felix D.


Dataset Information

Title From motive dispositions to states to outcomes: Research data of an intensive experience sampling study on communal motivational dynamics in couples
Original Title Von Motivdispositionen zu Zuständen zur Wirkung: Forschungsdaten einer umfangreichen Experience-Sampling-Studie zu kommunalen Motivationsdynamiken in Paaren
Responsible for Data Collection Zygar, Caroline; Hagemeyer, Birk; Pusch, Sebastian; Schönbrodt, Felix D.
Versioning zrce16dy99_v20000.pdf
Citation Zygar, C., Hagemeyer, B., Pusch, S., & Schönbrodt, F.D. (2018). From motive dispositions to states to outcomes: Research data of an intensive experience sampling study on communal motivational dynamics in couples [Translated Title] (Version 2.0.0) [Data and Documentation]. Trier: Center for Research Data in Psychology: PsychData of the Leibniz Institute for Psychology Information ZPID.
Language of variable documentation German
Data Collection Completion Date 2016
Dataset Publication 2018
Dataset ID zrce16dy99
Study Description 152 individuals from 77 heterosexual couples completed an online preliminary questionnaire on dispositional implicit and explicit motives, global relationship satisfaction, personality, satisfaction with life and decision-making in intimate relationships. 130 of these individuals took part in an experience sampling study spanning two weeks, answering questions about their momentary motivation, affect, state relationship satisfaction, behaviors and experiences in their relationship five times a day. Afterwards, 117 individuals provided feedback, assessed their relationship quality during the two weeks and answered a self-reflection questionnaire. The study was conducted to examine motivational dynamics in couples and its relevance for relationship satisfaction.
Hypotheses In an intimate relationship individuals have to negotiate different goals, such as when and how much time to spend together (a communion goal), or whose opinion to follow when making shared decisions (an agentic goal). We are interested in explaining
- how situational circumstances in everyday life interact with motive dispositions to generate motivational states, such as a need to see the partner,
- how couples regulate their individual motivations, and
- what consequences specific dyadic behavioural patterns have for everyday and overall relationship outcomes, such as relationship satisfaction.

Specifically, we suggest that the occurrence and regulation of everyday motivational states in a couple relationship mediate the links between individual motives as dispositions and relationship outcomes.
Keyphrase implicit dispositional communion motive & everyday motivational dynamics & relationship outcomes in couples; agentic & communal motives; experience sampling method; PACT & & SWLS & BFI-S; 76 couples
Funding German Research Foundation
Rating Coding of the implicit motives was realized by trained coders.


PSYNDEX Classification and Controlled Terms

Classification Motivation & Emotion
Marriage & Family
Personality Traits & Processes
Controlled Terms Couples
Relationship Satisfaction
Affiliation Motivation
Achievement Motivation


Research Method Description

Research Method Description Questionnaire Data
Classification of Data Collection Combined Standardized Survey Instruments (Combination of various standardized sections)
Research Instrument The following standardized instruments were used:
1: Partner-Related Agency and Communion Test (PACT).
2: The ABC of Social Desires. 3: Couples Satisfaction Index (CSI).
4: Positive – Negative Relationship Quality (PN-RQ) Scale (own translation to German). 5: Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS).
6: Revised Blood & Wolfe (1960) scale for decision-making intimate relationships (own translation to German).
7: The Unified Motive Scales.
8: BFI-S.
9: Self-reflection and insight scale (own translation to German).
10: Adapted Affect Grid (own translation to German).
Data Collection Method Collection without the presence of the investigator
- online
- other: Experience-Sampling with Smartphone (ESM)
Time Points repeated measurements
Survey Time Period Experience Sampling Method (ESM) over a period of 2 weeks is used asking participants to answer questions about their mood, relationship satisfaction, motivational states, the current situation’s as well as the past situation’s features, and to give an appraisal of their own as well as their partner’s behavior 5 times a day at semi-random time points within a time frame of 9,5 hours per day. This time frame was adapted to the participants’ preferred times, with starting times ranging from 8:00 to 10:30 and ending times ranging from 21:30 to 24:00. Participants registered for participation and filled in an online preliminary questionnaire before starting the ESM part of the study. For the ESM part of the study, the participants used their own smartphones. After the two weeks of experience sampling had finished, the participants filled in additional online feedback questionnaires.
Characteristics Due to technical problems, one couple started late and finished the ESM part on December 25th. In order to eliminate potential bias due to Christmas holidays, the last two study days of this couple were excluded from our analyses. One “couple” participated without actually being a couple; the data from these participants was excluded.
Population German-speaking, mainly student sample, heterosexual couples
Experimental Pool Couples
Sample Convenience sample;
Participants using non-compatible smartphones as well as homosexual individuals were not eligible for participation.
Subject Recruitment Recruition: Announcements, newsletter, facebook, personal contacts
Motivation: Reminder after one week, course credits and raffle of Amazon vouchers depending on response rate
Sample Size 77 couples
Return/Drop Out Mean comliance of ESM was 84%.
Gender Distribution 50% female subjects (n=76)
50% male subjects (n=76)
Age Distribution 18-40 years
Special Groups -
Country Germany
Region -
City -
Variables Independent variables:
- implicit partner-related motives
- explicit partner-related motives (perception of self)
- explicit partner-related motives (perception of others)
- global relationship satisfaction
- explicit motives
Exploratory independent variable:
- decision-making in relationship

Dependent variables
- actual affect (ESM)
- state relationship satisfaction
Exploratory dependent variable:
- satisfaction with life

Independent and dependent variables:
- agentic and communal motivational states (ESM)
- perceived agentic and communal states (ESM)
- perceived satisfaction of agentic and communal motivational states (ESM)

Exploratory independent and dependent variables:
- autonomy, dominance and intimacy in the relationship

controll variables:
- personality
- self-reflection
- actual stress (ESM)
- actual availability of partner (ESM)


Data Status

Data Status Complete Data Set
Original Records Individual recordings using a computerized survey method (subject-related data files)
Transformation The transmission of the original recordings into data matrices required complex experimental steps explained in the provided R scripts create_esm_dat_file.R, create_fb_dat_file.R und create_preq_dat_file.R. Data of the Partner-Related Agency and Communion Test (PACT) were coded by trained coders, coding instructions can be found in Hagemeyer & Neyer (2012). Information about changes of version 1 of the research data can be found in the version history and in Zygar-Hoffmann & Schönbrodt (2019, July 16).


Description of the Provided Data

Description Research data of coded PACT-stories
File Name zrce16dy99_fd2.csv
Data Content 152 cases, 524 variables
Data Points 152*524=79648 data points
Variables Codings of coder 1 for each picture (8*18=144), codings of coder 2 for each picture (8*18=144), coder ID (2), aggregations of pictures per coder (36), aggregations of coders per picture (144), aggregations of pictures and coders (18), PACT scales per coder (16), total PACT scales (8), communion-motive per coder (5), participant ID (1)
MD5 Hash 7044f351db142a05c064697dc46c6779
Description Research data of the Experience Sampling part of the study (wide format)
File Name zrce16dy99_fd4.csv
Data Content 9897 rows, 117 variables
Data Points 9897*117= 1157949 data points
Variables serial number (1), participant ID (1), day (1), survey index (1), scheduled time of Experience Sampling (ES) start (completely anonymised) (1), real time of ES start (completely anonymised) (1), real time of ES end (completely anonymised) (1), difference between scheduled and real time of ES start (1), information about ES (1), training items (36), perceived satisfaction of agentic and communal motivation (17), notes (1), interaction with partner (1), training's branch (4), satisfaction with own/partner's behaviour (4), relationship satisfaction (2), training: introduction (1), actual availability of partner (4), actual affect (1), time of getting up (1), presence of other persons (1), training (1), actual experienced agentic and communal states (3), actual stress (3), part of training (5), alone time (2), time spent with partner (2)
MD5 Hash 241d94f860393d68693d815c5e384f39
Description Research data of Experience Sampling, longformat
File Name zrce16dy99_fd3.csv
Data Content 296523 rows, 19 variables
Data Points 296523*19 = 5633937 data points
Variables Login time (1), completed time (1), event index (1), event name (1), item name (1), event start time (1), event timeout time (1), event state (1), event started time (1), event completed time (1), result index (1), item tree (1), item started time (1), item completed time (1), result (1), day (1), answered (1), event lag (1), code (1)
MD5 Hash f160b29f0ce8972226ddedb2681cade9
Description Research data of feedback questionnaire
File Name zrce16dy99_fd5.csv
Data Content 130 rows, 37 variables
Data Points 130*37= 4810 data points
Variables response-ID (1), last page (1), language (1), training evaluation (1), global rating of the relationship over the last two weeks (1), evaluation of ES period (6), use of tooltip (1), items of Self-reflection and insight scale (20), course credits needed (1), participation in Amazon voucher lottery (1), interest in feedback (1), permission to get in touch in case of similar study (1), participant ID (1)
MD5 Hash df219998ef382aac861d0d1fd46b5fa5
Description Research data of the preliminary questionnaire
File Name zrce16dy99_fd1.csv
Data Content 233 sessions, 186 variables
Data Points 233*186 = 43338 data points
Variables Session-ID (1), information about session (4), information about participation (2), birthday (1), gender (2), college student (1), sexual orientation (1), number of children (2), information about relationship (3), living together (1), long-distance relationship (1), number of contacts with partner (1), schooling (2), educational level (1), number of hours spent together (2), items of Partner-Related Agenca and Communion Test (PACT) (31), items concerning autonomy, dominance and intimacy in the relationship (6), automatically recoded items and scales of the ABC of Social Desires (47), items of the Couples Satisfaction Index (16), items of Satisfaction with Life Scale (5), items of the Revised Blood & Wolfe (1960) scale for decision-making intimate relationships (own translation to German)(8), items of Unified Motive Scales (21), items of BFI-Scale (10), items of Positive-Negative relationship Quality Scale (16), code of partner (1)
MD5 Hash 7374e442ad3479d941adc27a14a2f673


Description of Additional Materials

Description File Name
Preregistration by Baumann, Zygar, Schönbrodt: "A dyadic study on the effect of communal motivation and conflict on relationship satisfaction and mood." Preregistration_by_Baumann_Zygar_Schoenbrodt.pdf
Preregistration by Zygar & Schönbrodt: "From motive dispositions to states to outcomes An intensive experience sampling study on motivational dynamics in couples - Study 1." Preregistration_by_Zygar_Schoenbrodt.pdf
Items of Experience Sampling esm_items.pdf
Instructions of the training for Experience Sampling esm_training.pdf
Questionnaire fb-items.pdf
Images for the items "mood" and "ipc" Images_for_esm_items.pdf
Information about item sets Item_sets.pdf
Items of the preliminary questionnaire preq_items.pdf
R-script for calculation of PACT variables data_preparation_PACTs.R
R-script for transformation and aggregation of raw data create_esm_dat_file.R
R-script for transformation and aggregation of raw data create_fb_dat_file.R
R-script for creation of data file Preliminary questionnaire data: record_matrix.csv and pact_coding_data: record_matrix.csv from raw data create_preq_dat_file.R
Codebook of research data file zrce16dy99_fd1.csv, preliminary questionnaire zrce16dy99_kb1.csv
Codebook of research data file zrce16dy99_fd2.csv, coded PACT-stories zrce16dy99_kb2.txt
Codebook of research data file zrce16dy99_fd3.csv, Experience Sampling, Longformat zrce16dy99_kb3.csv
Codebook of research data file zrce16dy99_fd4.csv, Experience Sampling part of the study (wide format) zrce16dy99_kb4.csv
Codebook of research data file zrce16dy99_fd5.csv, feedback questionnaire zrce16dy99_kb5.csv
Matching table for couple (paarid) and subject ID (code_new) couple_matching_data.csv


Publications Directly Related to the Dataset

Publications Directly Related to the Dataset
Zygar, C., Hagemeyer, B., Pusch, S., & Schönbrodt, F. D. (2018). From motive dispositions to states to outcomes: An intensive experience sampling study on communal motivational dynamics in couples. European Journal of Personality, 32, 306–324.
Zygar-Hoffmann, C., & Schönbrodt, F. D. (2019, July 16). Experience sampling study 1 on motivational dynamics in couples. Retrieved from


Utilized Test Methods

Utilized Test Methods
Bell, K. J. (2008). Intimate partner violence on campus: A test of social learning theory (Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University of Pennsylvania).
Blood, R., & Wolfe, D. (1960). Husbands and wives. Glencoe, IL: Free Press.
Funk, J. L., & Rogge, R. D. (2007). Testing the ruler with item response theory: Increasing precision of measurement for relationship satisfaction with the Couples Satisfaction Index (translated to German by Greischel, Johnson & Schmukle). Journal of Family Psychology, 21, 572–583. doi:10.1037/0893-3200.21.4.572
Gerlitz, J. Y., & Schupp, J. (2005). Zur Erhebung der Big-Five-basierten persoenlichkeitsmerkmale im SOEP. DIW Research Notes, 4, 2005.
Glaesmer, H., Grande, G., Braehler, E., & Roth, M. (2011). The German Version of the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS). Psychometric properties, validity, and population-based norms. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 27(2), 127–132. 0240901
Grant, A. M., Franklin, J., & Langford, P. (2002). The self-reflection and insight scale: A new measure of private self-consciousness. Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, 30(8), 821-835.
Hagemeyer, B., & Neyer, F. J. (2012). Assessing implicit motivational orientations in couple relationships: The Partner-Related Agency and Communion Test (PACT). Psychological Assessment, 24, 114–28. doi:10.1037/a0024822Datensatz 0251363
Hagemeyer, B., Neyer, F. J., Neberich, W., & Asendorpf, J. B. (2013). The ABC of Social Desires: Affiliation, being alone, and closeness to partner. European Journal of Personality, 27, 442–457. doi:10.1002/per.1857Datensatz 0271434
Rogge, R. D., Fincham, F. D., Crasta, D., & Maniaci, M. R. (2017). Positive and negative evaluation of relationships: Development and validation of the Positive – Negative Relationship Quality (PN-RQ) Scale. Psychological Assessment, 29, 1028–1043. doi: 10.1037/pas0000392
Russel, J. A., Weiss, A., & Mendelsohn, G. A. (1989). Affect grid: A single-item scale of pleasure and arousal. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57(3), 493-502.
Schönbrodt, F. D., & Gerstenberg, F. X. R. (2012). An IRT analysis of motive questionnaires: The Unified Motive Scales. Journal of Research in Personality, 46, 725–742. 0262652


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