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A large longitudinal study on motivation, behavior and satisfaction in couples: Research data from a four-week experience sampling study with a pre-, post-, and one-year follow-up assessment.

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Researchers

Name
Zygar-Hoffmann, Caroline
Hagemeyer, Birk
Pusch, Sebastian
Schönbrodt, Felix D.

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Dataset Information

Title A large longitudinal study on motivation, behavior and satisfaction in couples: Research data from a four-week experience sampling study with a pre-, post-, and one-year follow-up assessment.
Original Title Eine große Längsschnittstudie zu Motivation, Verhalten und Zufriedenheit von Paaren: Forschungsdaten einer vierwöchigen Experience-Sampling-Studie mit einer Vor-, Nach- und einjährigen Follow-up-Befragung.
Citation Zygar-Hoffmann, C., Hagemeyer, B., Pusch, S., & Schönbrodt, F.D. (2020). A large longitudinal study on motivation, behavior and satisfaction in couples: Research data from a four-week experience sampling study with a pre-, post-, and one-year follow-up assessment. [Translated Title] (Version 1.0.0) [Data and Documentation]. Trier: Center for Research Data in Psychology: PsychData of the Leibniz Institute for Psychology Information ZPID. https://doi.org/10.5160/psychdata.zrce18mo99
Language of variable documentation German
Responsible for Data Collection Zygar-Hoffmann, Caroline; Hagemeyer, Birk; Pusch, Sebastian; Schönbrodt, Felix D.
Data Collection Completion Date 2019
Dataset Publication 2020
Dataset ID zrce18mo99
Study Description 576 individuals from 293 heterosexual couples completed an online preliminary questionnaire on dispositional implicit and explicit motives, global relationship satisfaction, personality, satisfaction with life, self-reflection and decision-making in intimate relationships. 510 of these individuals took part in an experience sampling study spanning four weeks, answering questions about their momentary motivation, affect, state relationship satisfaction, behaviors and experiences in their relationship five times a day. Afterwards, 508 individuals provided feedback, assessed again their global relationship satisfaction and the relationship satisfaction during the last four weeks . A year later, 390 of these individuals reported on their current relationship status, last year's events, conflicts, their idiosyncratic behavioral implementations of agency and communion, and completed questionnaires on implicit and explicit motivational dispositions, life satisfaction and depending on their relationship status on global relationship satisfaction, or loneliness, and narcissism. The study was conducted to examine motivational dynamics in couples and its relevance for relationship satisfaction. Datasets of the preliminary questionnaire, the ESM-Study in long and wide format, the post questionnaire and the one-year follow-up as well as the corresponding codebooks are provided.
The following additional material can be found at https://osf.io/psqx8/:
- the "original" codebooks, including for example connecting passages between question texts or general instructions,
- R scripts documenting the preprocessing of the data,
- R scripts for further processing of the data,
- a file pointing to inconsistencies in the data,
- a link to the preregistration of hypotheses on the data.
Hypotheses Information about the preregistered hypotheses can be found at https://osf.io/psqx8/
Keyphrase implicit & explicit dispositional motives & global relationship & satisfaction & personality & satisfaction with life & self-reflection & decision-making in intimate relationships; experience sampling for four weeks; PACT & SWLS & BFI-S; 510 individuals; research data
Funding German Research Foundation, grant number SCHO1334/5-1 and HA 6884/2-1
Rating Coding of the implicit motives was realized by trained coders.

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PSYNDEX Classification and Controlled Terms

Classification Motivation & Emotion
Marriage & Family
Personality Traits & Processes
Controlled Terms Couples
Relationship Satisfaction
Motivation
Affiliation Motivation
Achievement Motivation
Agency
Data Collection

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Research Method Description

Research Method Description Questionnaire Data
Classification of Data Collection Mixed survey instrument (combination of hardly, partially and fully standardized parts)
Research Instrument The following standardized instruments were used:
1: Partner-Related Agency and Communion Test (PACT),
2: The ABC of Social Desires. 3: Couples Satisfaction Index (CSI),
4: Positive - Negative Relationship Quality (PN-RQ) Scale (own translation to German),
5: Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS),
6: Revised Blood & Wolfe (1960) scale for decision-making intimate relationships (own translation to German),
7: The Unified Motive Scales,
8: BFI-S,
9: Self-reflection and insight scale (own translation to German),
10: Adapted Affect Grid (own translation to German),
11: UCLA Loneliness Scale,
12: Narcissistic Admiration and Rivalry Questionnaire (NARQ),
13: Experiences in Close Relationships Scale Revised,
14: Adapted IOS-Scale.
Data Collection Method Collection without the presence of the investigator
- online
- other: Experience-Sampling with Smartphone (ESM)
Time Points repeated measurements
Survey Time Period Experience Sampling for four weeks five times a day, four weeks between pre and post questionnaire, approx. one year between post questionnaire and follow-up
Characteristics Exclusion of the specific survey data of one couple, that changed the time zone and responded a total of 26 surveys at night (for a detailed description see the preprocessing scripts at OSF). Due to an App error the items EventDuration, itemDuration und eventBackgroundDuration are provided from item day_id > 31 onward (before then coded as missing value (=NA))
Population Persons in a partnership (German-speaking, heterosexual, predominantly childless)
Experimental Pool Individuals
Sample Convenience sample
Subject Recruitment Recruition: Announcements, newsletter of the university, facebook-groups, homepage, flyer at couple therapists, personal contacts
Motivation: Up to 170 Euro per couple or course credits and for follow-up 10 Euro per person and a raffle of vouchers at a total value of 1000 Euro
Sample Size 576 individuals
Return/Drop Out Mean comliance of ESM was 88%.
Gender Distribution 51% female subjects
49% male subjects
Age Distribution 18-68 years
Special Groups -
Country -
Region -
City -
Variables Independent variables:
- implicit partner-related motives
- explicit partner-related motives (perception of self)
- explicit partner-related motives (perception of others)
- explicit motives
- actually agentic and communal motivational states (ESM)
- actually perceived agentic and communal states (ESM)
- perceived satisfaction of agentic and communal motivational states (ESM)

Dependent variables
- global relationship satisfaction
- actual affect/ satisfaction (ESM)
- actually agentic and communal motivational states (ESM)
- actual relationship satisfaction (ESM)
- actually perceived agentic and communal states (ESM)
- perceived satisfaction of agentic and communal motivational states (ESM)
- relationship status
- retrospective relationship satisfaction

Exploratory independent variable:
- decision-making in relationship
- autonomy, dominance and intimacy in the relationship
- sexual satisfaction
- commitment
- areas of conflict
- agentic and communal implementation of behaviour
- loneliness
- narcism
- attachment style

Exploratory dependent variable:
- satisfaction with life
- autonomy, dominance and intimacy in the relationship
- sexual satisfaction
- commitment
- areas of conflict
- agentic and communal implementation of behaviour
- loneliness
- narcism
- attachment style

Control variables:
- personality
- self-reflection
- actual stress (ESM)
- actual availability of partner (ESM)

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Data Status

Data Status Complete Data Set
Original Records Individual recordings using a computerized survey method (subject-related data files)
Transformation Transfer of the original records into a data matrix required more complex steps (e.g. complex coding rules, rating procedures). Coding of the implicit motives is described in the preprocessing scripts at OSF.

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Description of the Provided Data

Description Research data file long format: "Experience Sampling Data"
File Name zrce18mo99_fd3.tsv
Data Content 4 298 440 lines, 27 variables
Data Points 4 298 440*27= 116 057 880 data points
Variables Name of the survey script (set to NA) (1 item), Date of the day of the survey (set to NA)(1), Survey / survey index (1), Unique code for each row in the data set that is not NA (1), Name of the study (1), Planned start time of the survey (set to NA) (1), Actual start time of the survey (set to NA) (1), Name of the survey (1), Status of the answer (1), Duration of the answer in seconds (survey sent - first call) (1), Total time the app was in the background during the survey in seconds (1), Name of the item (variable name) (1), Duration of the answer to an item in milliseconds (1), Answer on the item (1), Was the survey partially or completely answered? (1), Difference between planned and actual start time of the participant's survey in seconds (1), Different planned start times of partner surveys (1), Difference between actual and last planned start time of the participant's surveys in hours (1), Coding of the day (1), Alternative coding of the day (1), Alternative coding of the day (1) Ordinal scaled coding of the date across the whole sample (1), difference between current and last actual start time of the participant's survey in hours (1), difference between the actual start times of the partners' surveys in minutes (1), difference between current and last start time of the partners' surveys in minutes (1), participant code (modified) (1), pair code (modified) (1) (translated by DeepL)
MD5 Hash bf8b74d3eba70f361f272d3f60e2ebfc
  
Description Research data file of the Pre ESM questionnaire
File Name zrce18mo99_fd1.tsv
Data Content 951 lines, 243 variables
Data Points 951*243= 231 093 Datenpunkte
Variables Session ID (1 item), information about the session (e.g. start, end), manually set to NA (4), confirmation to fill out survey in browser (1), participation confirmation 1 (1), participation confirmation 2 (1), previous participation, manually set to NA (1), date of birth, manually set to NA (see newly created variable age_cat for categorized age) (1), gender (1), student status, manually set to NA (1), subject, manually set to NA (1), Sexual orientation, manually set to NA (1), religious affiliation, manually set to NA (1), other religion, manually set to NA (1), influence of religion on partnership (1), pregnancy (1), number of children, manually set to NA (1), number of children from previous partnership, manually set to NA (1), age of children, manually set to NA (1), duration of relationship years, manually set to NA (see newly created variable reldur_cat for categorized age) (1), relationship duration: months, manually set to NA (see newly created variable reldur_cat for categorized age) (1), relationship status, manually set to NA (1), living together, manually set to NA (1), long-distance relationship, manually set to NA (1), partner contact, manually set to NA (1), employment status, manually set to NA (1), income, manually set to NA (1), General school-leaving certificate, manually set to NA (1), Other general school-leaving certificate, manually set to NA (1), Vocational certificate, manually set to NA (1), Joint hours working day, manually set to NA (1), Joint hours weekend, manually set to NA (1), Answers to the Partner-Related Agency and Communion Test (PACT), manually set to NA (31 items), Items on autonomy, dominance and intimacy in the partnership (6 items), The ABC of Social Desires (32 items), Couples Satisfaction Index (CSI) (16 items), Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS) (5 items), Experiences in Close Relationships Scale Revised (36 items), The Unified Motive Scales (18 items), BFI-S (15 items), Self-reflection and insight scale (own translation to German) (20 items), Revised Blood & Wolfe (1960) scale for decision-making intimate relationships (own translation to German) (7 items), Positive - Negative Relationship Quality (PN-RQ) scale (own translation to German) (16 items), commentary, manually set to NA (1 item), participant code (modified) (1), pair code (modified) (1). Age calculated from birthday, manually set to NA (see newly created variable age_cat for categorized age) (1), Categorized age (1), Categorized relationship duration (1)
MD5 Hash 63ca7cbffd6735d1b65a6d7f26783764
  
Description Research Data file with PACT Coding Data from the Pre ESM questionnaire
File Name zrce18mo99_fd2.tsv
Data Content 577 lines, 566 variables
Data Points 577*566= 326 582 data points
Variables Coded items of Partner-Related Agency and Communion Test (PACT)(564 items), participant ID (modified) (1 item), pair ID (modified) (1 item)
MD5 Hash 818fc5029df54aa33adf756308be3a78
  
Description Research data file wide format: "Experience Sampling Data"
File Name zrce18mo99_fd4.tsv
Data Content 73 619 lines, 100 variables
Data Points 73 619*100= 7 361 900 Datenpunkte
Variables Participant code (modified) (1 item), Pair code (modified) (1), Planned start time of the survey (set to NA) (1), Actual start time of the survey (set to NA) (1), Survey / survey index (1), Name of the survey (1), Status of the answer (1), duration of the answer in seconds (survey sent - first call) (1), total time the app was in the background during the survey in seconds (1), Was the survey partially or completely answered? (1), Difference between planned and actual start time of the participant's survey in seconds (1), Are the planned start times of the surveys different between the partners? (1), Difference between the actual start times of the partners' surveys in minutes (1), Difference between current and last planned start time of the participant's surveys in hours (1) Difference between current and last actual start time of the participant's survey in hours (1), difference between current and last start time of the partners' survey in minutes (1), ordinal-scaled coding of the date across the entire sample (1), Coding of the day (1), Alternative coding of the day (weekend) (1), Alternative coding of the day (weekday) (1), Experienced satisfaction of agent and community motivation (ESM) (32 items), Availability of the partner (ESM) (3 items), Initiative of conflict with partner (1), Initiative of disagreement with partner (1), Initiative of familiar activity with partner (1), Initiative of reconciliation with partner (1), Comments in the evening (1), Start of the evening survey (1), Exchange with partner (1), Current Affect / Satisfaction (ESM) (5 items) Current agent and communal motivational states (ESM) (17 items), Comments (1), Persons present (1), Location (1), Current relationship satisfaction (ESM) (8 items), Current agent and communal states experienced (ESM) (4 items), Current stress (ESM) (1 item) (translated by DeepL)
MD5 Hash 0cf37c3a4b248231ac55e4a812b76b67
  
Description Research data file of the post ESM questionnaire
File Name zrce18mo99_fd5.tsv
Data Content 755 lines, 63 variables
Data Points 755*63= 47565 data points
Variables Participant Code (modified) (1 Item), Session ID (1), Session Information (e.g. start, end) (4 Items), Comparative evaluation of the study weeks (1), Retrospective relationship satisfaction (3 Items), Overall satisfaction with 4 study weeks (1 Item), Qualitative evaluation of the study weeks, manually set to NA (1), Qualitative evaluation of the influence of the study, manually set to NA (1), Qualitative evaluation of the study procedure and app, manually set to NA (1), Global relationship satisfaction (33 Items), Comments on questions, manually set to NA (1 Item), Comments on the course of the answers, manually set to NA (1), Qualitative description of the situations in which this motivation occurred, manually set to NA (1), Interest in feedback, manually set to NA (1), Interest in dissertation, manually set to NA (1), Interest in mailing list, manually set to NA (1), Comment, manually set to NA (1), Pair code (modified) (1), Day of last ESM survey, manually set to NA (1), Difference between last ESM survey and answering the post-ESM questionnaire in days (1) (translated by DeepL)
MD5 Hash 2b806f96c5c1588ebb4ae0303e1fe191
  
Description Research data file of the One-Year Follow-Up
File Name zrce18mo99_fd6.tsv
Data Content 455 lines, 351 variables
Data Points 455*351= 159 705 data points
Variables Participant code (modified)(1 item), Pair code (modified)(1 item), Session information (e.g. start, end) of the first part of the questionnaire, manually set to NA(3 items), code read from link, manually set to NA(1 item), Specified relationship status of participants who clicked on link that was for pairs that stayed together (see variable rel_status for merged variable)(1 item), Specified relationship status of participants, who clicked on link that was for pairs that have split (see rel_status variable for merged variable)(1 Item), Specified relationship status of participants who could not be read on which link they clicked (see rel_status variable for merged variable)(1 Item), Session ID(1 Item), Session information (e.g., session name, session name, session name, session name, session number, session number, session name, session name, session number, session name, session ID, session number, session name, session ID, session name, session name, session number, session name, session number, session name, session number, session name, session number, session name, session name).B. start, end) of the second part of the questionnaire, manually set to NA(3 items), confirmation to fill out the survey in the browser(1 item), gender(1 item), relationship duration: years, manually set to NA (see newly created variable reldur_cat for categorized age)(1 item), relationship duration: Months, manually set to NA (see newly created variable reldur_cat for categorized age)(1 item), Events in Last Year, manually set to NA(1 item), New Child in Last Year(1 item), Age of New Child in Last Year(1 item), Other Events in Last Year, manually set to NA(1 item), free text for further events in the last year, manually set to NA(1 item), living together, manually set to NA(1 item), long distance relationship, manually set to NA(1 item), partner contact, manually set to NA(1 item), employment status, manually set to NA(1 item), Net income, manually set to NA(1 item), General school leaving certificate, manually set to NA(1 item), Other general school leaving certificate, manually set to NA(1 item), Vocational certificate, manually set to NA(1 item), Common hours working day, manually set to NA(1 item), Joint hours weekend, manually set to NA (1 item), answers to the Partner-Related Agency and Communion Test (PACT), manually set to NA (31 items), evaluation of the study weeks in comparison (1 item), retrospective relationship satisfaction (3 items), overall satisfaction with 4 study weeks (1 item), Qualitative evaluation of the impact of the study, manually set to NA (1 item), feedback (1 item), items on autonomy, dominance and intimacy in the partnership (6), decision-making in the relationship (2 items), sexual satisfaction (2 items), commitment (2 items), areas of conflict (11 items), Items of the Adapted IOS-Scale (2), The ABC of Social Desires (32 items), Couples Satisfaction Index (CSI) (16 items), Loneliness (1 item), Support from partners (1 item), Agent and community behaviour implementation (15 items), Life satisfaction (5 items), Explicit motives (18 items), Global relationship satisfaction (16 items), separation from partner (14 items), current relationship status and satisfaction (3 items), loneliness (19 items), Narcissistic Admiration and Rivalry Questionnaire (NARQ) (18 items), pair code (modified) (1 item), relationship status (1 item) Day of answering the post-ESM questionnaire, manually set to NA (1 item), Day of answering the pre-ESM questionnaire, manually set to NA (1 item), interval between post-ESM questionnaire and follow-up questionnaire in days (1 item), interval between pre-ESM questionnaire and follow-up questionnaire in days (1 item) (translated by DeepL)
MD5 Hash 7f4cb008826f7657a837eac30adee578
  

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Description of Additional Materials

Description File Name
Codebook of research data file zrce18mo99_fd1.tsv, Pre ESM questionnaire zrce18mo99_kb1.tsv
Codebook of research data file zrce18mo99_fd2.tsv, PACT Coding Data of the Pre ESM questionnaire zrce18mo99_kb2.tsv
Codebook of research data file zrce18mo99_fd3.tsv, Experience Sampling Data, Long-Format zrce18mo99_kb3.tsv
Codebook of research data file zrce18mo99_fd4.tsv, Experience Sampling Data, Wide-Format zrce18mo99_kb4.tsv
Codebook of research data file zrce18mo99_fd5.tsv, Post ESM questionnaire zrce18mo99_kb5.tsv
Codebook of research data file zrce18mo99_fd6.tsv, One-Year Follow-Up zrce18mo99_kb6.tsv

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Publications Directly Related to the Dataset

Publications Directly Related to the Dataset
Pusch, S., Schönbrodt, F. D., Zygar-Hoffmann, C., & Hagemeyer, B. (2020). Truth and wishful thinking: How inter-individual differences in communal motives manifest in momentary partner perceptions. European Journal of Personality. https://doi.org/10.1002/per.2227
Zygar-Hoffmann, C., & Schönbrodt, F. D. (2020). Recalling experiences: Looking at momentary, retrospective and global assessments of relationship satisfaction. Collabra: Psychology, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.1525/collabra.278
Zygar-Hoffmann, C., Pusch, S., Hagemeyer, B., & Schönbrodt, F. D. (2020, January 27). Experience sampling study 2 on motivational dynamics in couples. https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/PSQX8

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Utilized Test Methods

Utilized Test Methods
Aron, A., Aron, E. N., & Smollan, D. (1992). Inclusion of other in the self scale and the structure of interpersonal closeness. Journal of personality and social psychology, 63(4), 596.
Back, M. D., Küfner, A. C. P., Dufner, M., Gerlach, T. M., Rauthmann, J. F., & Denissen, J. J. A. (2013). Narcissistic admiration and rivalry: Disentangling the bright and dark sides of narcissism. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 105, 1013-1037.Datensatz 0274210
Blood, R., & Wolfe, D. (1960). Husbands and wives. Glencoe, IL: Free Press. Bell, K. J. (2008). Intimate partner violence on campus: A test of social learning theory (Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University of Pennsylvania).
Döring. N., & Bortz, J. (1993). Psychometrische Einsamkeitsforschung: Deutsche Neukonstruktion der UCLA-Loneliness Scale. Diagnostica, 39, 224-239. Russell, D., Peplau, L.A. and Cutrona, C.E. (1980) The Revised UCLA Loneliness Scale: Concurrent and Discriminant Validity Evidence. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 39, 472-480. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.39.3.472Datensatz 0075683
Fraley, R. C., Waller, N. G., & Brennan, K. A. (2000). An item-response theory analysis of self-report measures of adult attachment. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 350-365. Ehrenthal, J. C., Dinger, U., & Schauenburg, H. (2006). Erste Ergebnisse der Evaluation einer deutschsprachigen Version des Bindungsfragebogens „Experiences in Close Relationships–Revised “(ECR-R). PPmP-Psychotherapie· Psychosomatik· Medizinische Psychologie, 56(02), A22.Datensatz 1070734
Funk, J. L., & Rogge, R. D. (2007). Testing the ruler with item response theory: Increasing precision of measurement for relationship satisfaction with the Couples Satisfaction Index. Journal of Family Psychology, 21, 572–583. doi:10.1037/0893-3200.21.4.572 (translated to German by Greischel, Johnson & Schmukle)Datensatz 1817932
Gerlitz, J. Y., & Schupp, J. (2005). Zur Erhebung der Big-Five-basierten Persönlichkeitsmerkmale im SOEP. DIW Research Notes, 4, 2005.
Glaesmer, H., Grande, G., Braehler, E., & Roth, M. (2011). The German Version of the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS). European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 27(2), 127–132. https://doi.org/10.1027/1015-5759/a000058Datensatz 0240901
Grant, A. M., Franklin, J., & Langford, P. (2002). The self-reflection and insight scale: A new measure of private self-consciousness. Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal, 30(8), 821-835.
Hagemeyer, B., & Neyer, F. J. (2012). Assessing implicit motivational orientations in couple relationships: The Partner-Related Agency and Communion Test (PACT). Psychological Assessment, 24, 114–28. doi:10.1037/a0024822Datensatz 0251363
Hagemeyer, B., Neyer, F. J., Neberich, W., & Asendorpf, J. B. (2013). The ABC of Social Desires: Affiliation, being alone, and closeness to partner. European Journal of Personality, 27, 442–457. doi:10.1002/per.1857Datensatz 0271434
Rogge, R. D., Fincham, F. D., Crasta, D., & Maniaci, M. R. (2017). Positive and negative evaluation of relationships: Development and validation of the Positive – Negative Relationship Quality (PN-RQ) Scale. Psychological Assessment, 29, 1028–1043. doi: 10.1037/pas0000392Datensatz 2773612
Russel, J. A., Weiss, A., & Mendelsohn, G. A. (1989). Affect grid: A single-item scale of pleasure and arousal. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57(3), 493-502.
Schönbrodt, F. D., & Gerstenberg, F. X. R. (2012). An IRT analysis of motive questionnaires: The Unified Motive Scales. Journal of Research in Personality, 46, 725–742. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2012.08.010Datensatz 0262652

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